The novel, 'Of Mice and Men' written by John Steinbeck refers back to
The American Dream as 'heaven'.
Steinbeck is trying to point out that the American Dream is
unrealistic. This novel looks back at the dreams of American
individuals in the 1930's. It is set in California at the time of the
Great Depression during which the American stock market collapsed
leaving the nation in a state of economical disarray.
The disease, hunger and poverty in England were high during this
period. Landowners were very wealthy but the rest of the people had to
struggle and work very hard for survival. Not only did they have to
feed themselves but they also had to pay off the heavy taxes, which
went to the landowners. It also was a country where Roman Catholics
were unacceptable. These Catholics who wanted to get away from the
position of being unwanted in England immigrated to America along with
the rest of the people who wanted to be free from England's heavy
taxes. They were known as the 'Pilgrim Fathers'- Their ship was called
'Mayflower'. One of the first states a lot of the people settled in
was Philadelphia, Latin for 'City of Brotherly Love'.
The introduction of the novel includes an image of this new Eden, the
'willows fresh and green with every spring'. Unfortunately we find out
it is autumn when he describes the crispy, dead leaves. Some of the
religious individuals thought America was like a new paradise, just
like the one in the holy bible - It was at first so green and
beautiful but then Adam and Eve spoilt it by going against God's
commands so God made men live on Earth and as individuals they have to
work for survival. Steinbeck is trying to express that men spoilt
America, just like Adam and Eve. He is trying point out that men
spoilt this new paradise and now they have to work hard, on ranches,
to belong somewhere and be successful in life.
The Americans preferred to be controlled by a Government instead of
being a colony that belonged to the English so they fought for their
independence. The war ended in 1776. The English lost and America
became an independent nation. Being a good leader during the War of
Independence, George Washington was voted to be the first president.
He didn't believe a king or queen should rule America. He proposed
that the American citizens should govern the nation. People soon
agreed with him.
The 'Declaration of Independence' was a document that included a
promise from the Government to all Americans. Firstly it declares that
'all men are created equal'. Steinbeck uses this novel to question
this rule so he writes about Crooks' situation to express the reality.
Crooks is a 'Negro stable buck'. Being a black American, he has to
face the racism. He's treated very badly because of he colour. No one
takes any notice of him. Curley's wife...