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The American Homefront In Ww2 Essay

1089 words - 4 pages

Bergman PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 2
Abby BergmanMr. NortonLanguage17 May 2010"The American Home Front during World War II"IntroductionAlthough there was no fighting in America during World War II, the American home front still needed to be productive and support the war. Americans had to produce materials for all of the allied forces. This seems simple and natural for a war-based economy, but most US workers were fighting somewhere throughout the world. This meant that women had to step up and take the role of men. A rationing system had to be developed since many items and materials were becoming more and more scarce. Imported goods were difficult to receive considering all of the fighting happening overseas. The US also had to be ready for any type of attack, so numerous home-guard systems were established. World War II was hard on the American home front and this will be proven through the home guard and other organizations, rationing scarce materials, and women's roles.The Home Guard and Other OrganizationsDuring World War II the American home front needed to be protected and it needed to support the war in a productive way. Therefore, the home guard system was assembled. The home guard not only protected the United States, it also supported soldiers and their families, provided relief for soldiers overseas, and helped struggling American families. There were two major organizations that supported American soldiers and families: the American Red Cross and the United Service Organization (USO). Each organization had centers not only in the United States, but also in other countries where soldiers were located (The War Effort). The American Red Cross was founded in 1881 by Clara Barton with the following mission: to help and take care of soldiers during wartime, help American soldiers communicate with family at home, and help Americans survive and recover from natural disasters (Hanes 159-160). There were many divisions of the Red Cross, but one of the most important was the Services to the Armed Forces (SAF). SAF was determined to secure the well-being of military personnel (Kelly). SAF was very successful as they provided 42 million communications between soldiers and families and helped with 38 million dollars in financial aid (Barrow).Throughout the country people were eager to help. There were so many organizations and groups that citizens could contribute to. One group gathered people in various cities and put together over 27 million packages for soldiers. In another organization, dogs were recruited for service in either the US Army or Coastguard (Kallen 47). One of the largest and most donated to organization was the Blood Donor Service run by the Red Cross. People did not just donate to the Blood Donor Service division of the Red Cross. They volunteered in many more ways. In fact, by the end of the war, the Red Cross had 36.7 million adult members, 19.9 million Junior Red Cross members, 7.5 million volunteers, and over 24,000 paid staff...

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