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The American Revolution Essay

1219 words - 5 pages

The American Revolution was a very important part in American History, because it is when the colonies of America gained independence and became the United States of America. Enlightenment thoughts had been floating around, giving people many new ideas - one of them being independence of Britain. Colonists were ready for independence, they had a population consisting of 2.1 million people by 1770, and compared to Britain, there were many more opportunities for people to take advantage of in America because the English class system was absent. The colonists had a lot of independence already; they were generally self-governing, and made many of their own laws. Independence of Britain was definitely not impossible for the American colonists at this point.
In 1763, Britain defeated France in the French and Indian war, which led to major economic debt for Britain. To appease their debt, Britain tried taxing the colonies starting with the Stamp Act. According to the Stamp Act, colonists had to pay for authorized stamps on all of the public documents. In an act of rebellion towards the British as a result of the Stamp Act, there was a boycott on the goods that Britain was taxing, which later pushed Parliament to revoke the Stamp Act in 1766. Despite this, the British still needed money to pay for the French and Indian war, so they taxed colonists on glass, paper, paints and tea. This impacted merchants the most, and when they tried to boycott, British troops were sent to America to manage them. British troops arrived in America to keep all the colonists from revolting and keep everything under control. In 1770, among all the tension between the soldiers and the colonists a fight broke out and 5 men were killed by British soldiers – this is known as The Boston Massacre. Three years later the Sons of Liberty, made up of Samuel Adams, Paul Revere and others, dumped the tea that Britain had been taxing into the harbor as another act of rebellion. This throwing away of the British tea into the harbor is known as the Boston Tea Party. Britain was infuriated, and passed the Intolerable Acts to try to control the colonists again. A few of the Intolerable Acts include: the Boston Port Act (which closed the port until all the tea was paid for), the Massachusetts Government Act (which put nearly the whole government of Massachusetts under British rule), and the Quartering Act (which allowed British soldiers to lodge with the colonists whenever necessary). The Sons of Liberty had been anticipating a war, so to prepare themselves and their fellow colonists they hid weapons in the countryside. When the British troops went to find them, they came across about 75 militiamen in Lexington, armed with the hidden guns, and war broke out. This is the first mark of the American Revolution, colonist aggravation with the British laws and taxes had caused the American Revolution to begin.
In 1776 the Second Continental Congress met to write a declaration of independence from...

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