The American Wars before and after the Industrial Revolution
Before the Industrial Revolution, the only things people knew of wars were what had been painted and told to them, as H. Bruce Franklin mentions in his writing: “prior to Civil War, visual images of America’s wars were almost without expectation expressions of romanticism and nationalism” (402). Franklin, in his essay “From Realism to Virtual Reality: Images of America’s Wars,” clearly and precisely describes how the wars before and after the Industrial Revolution look using organization, tone, and images.
Franklin uses organization effectively to guide his audience through different kinds of wars. In the beginning of his essay, Franklin takes his audience through the Civil War. In this journey, Franklin tells his audience that “literature, however, was the only art form capable of projecting the action of warfare as temporal flow and movement” (403). Moreover, he tells his audience about how the wars were embedded in the minds of the American people as “a glorious saga of thrilling American heroism from the Revolution through the Mexican War” (402). However, Franklin shows how all these glamorizing images of wars start to vanish after the Industrial Revolution, and he emphasizes this clearly in his essay when he mentions the photo harvest of Death, Gettysburg and how the people for the first time see the corpses of the Confederate soldiers on the battlefield. As a result of that, Franklin shows how the number of commercial photographers grew faster, looking for wealth by following the army into the battlefield: “Scores of commercial photographers, seeking authenticity and profits, followed the Union armies into battle” (403). He is telling us how the wars become a profit business. Then, he moves on to talk about the Vietnam War and how the images become more live; he explains that in his essay by saying, “the answer came in Vietnam, the first war to be televised directly into tens of millions of homes” (407). As result, it is clear that Franklin’s uses of organization make his essay easy to read.
One of the rhetorical elements that makes Franklin’s essay effective is tone; Franklin uses tone effectively to inform his audience in such way that makes it easy for his audience to understand. Franklin uses an informative tone in his essay; he gives the reader the information and the facts without makeup as is, and he makes that clear in his essay when he says, “In 1921, Mitchell staged a historic event by using bombers to sink captured German warships and turning the action into a media bonanza” (406). Franklin’s uses of the date and an actual event boost the writer’s credibility and make the reader more attracted to the essay. Moreover, he informs his readers about how this media revolution has been used by politicians for propaganda and to anger the public, and he gives an example of that in his essay: “ In the United States the most important photographic images were movies...