The Research and Development Process
Manufacturing companies' Research and Development (R & D)
groups significantly contribute to United States' fast-paced industrial
technology development. They promote industrial growth, and enhance the
social well-being of the people.
Normally, companies, especially those with enough resources, accept
research contracts from the government and the private-sector to undertake
the research of:
- Medium and long-term applied research in development of generic,
forward-looking, and advanced technologies;
- Short-term research to improve processes and to develop new
products according to industrial needs.
Most reset projects will go through a trial mass production to ensure
the feasibility of new industrial technologies and plans for strategic
withdrawals upon project completion. The research results are disseminated
to the industrial sector in a timely and appropriate fashion in accordance
with the principles of justice, fairness, and openness. They also provide
industrial services to foster the technological development of small and
medium-sized businesses and cultivate human resources in industrial
technology for the benefit of the nation.
Research development strategy depends on the present growth of
environment and the industrial development potential of the future. The
strategy is also attuned to international trends, emphasizes environmental
protection and safety issues, as well as preservation of natural resources.
Management of Research and Development constantly
reviews and revises its task loading to be in effective in its future search for
new discipline and avenue of research.
In carrying out science and technology projects, manufacturing
companies constantly update their focus on forward-looking, innovative
technology research and development, and set new goals for promoting
advanced technologies. In contrast to the case of fundamental scientific
research, the major purpose is the creation of maximum benefits for industry
in a five-to-ten- year time frame.
ORGANIZATION OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
Successful companies relied mostly on the abilities of their core of
management personnel. Some are also encouraging participative type of
management where inputs direct from operators and plant personnel are look
at and recommendation to adapt any measures to pursue or to drop the
suggestions received. Below is an example of an organization focused on
Research and Development.
TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENT THROUGH R & D
The most basic element of technological advance is invention: the
first discovery of a product or process through the use of imagination,
ingenious thinking, and experimentation and the first proof that it will work.
While invention is a...