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The Ancient Civilization Of Pueblo: A Brief Analysis

1525 words - 7 pages

DF5- North American (Pueblo)
Chelsea Reynolds
Margaret Shively
Cassandra Winchester

Location and dates of existence 5pt chels

The ancient civilization Pueblo existed around 100 to 1300 AD. This civilization was generally located on the boundaries of states that we know today, which are the Southwestern part of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and some even lived in Texas. The North American Pueblo people lived in dessert areas, and areas with bordering cliffs and mountains. In 1300 AD they disappeared from much of their homeland at the height of their success towards the end of the 13th century. The Pueblo left their entire region. The modern Pueblo clans and tribes is dated to 1600 AD and onward.
Subsistence patterns and environment 10pt ME
The subsistence pattern of the ancient Pueblo people often relied on farming, gathering, and hunting for food based on what could be provided by the land they inhabited. Pueblo settlements on waterways relied mostly on farming for food in addition to hunting and gathering. Other pueblo settlements however, relied mostly on hunting and gathering and in place of farming these people relied on wild foods. Traditionally, women did most of the agricultural work while men hunted. As hunting diminished in the area men began helping with agriculture as well. Corn was the main and sacred food source to Pueblo life. Other popular agriculture included beans, squash, seeds, and yucca fruit. Big game of deer and bison were popular when available. The more common meat meal was the domesticated turkey.

Architecture 10pt Marg
The Pueblo people built an intricate infrastructure of houses and plaza’s to create a well-planned community. They first built their houses on large alcoves in the side of a canyon with overhanging ledges. They evolved into multi-storied houses using stone masonry and adobe mud. The houses would face south for warmth and the plaza would be built in a semi-circle from the houses so that they faced the plaza as well. There were also structures called “Great houses”. These complexes could reach four to five stories and could have 200 to 700 rooms inside them. They had many intricate amenities like water collection systems, ladders to upper levels, some to the top for defense, and they even built a network of roads to connect with other populations. These rooms were connected by lines of sight, which gave them easy communication access. They also would have what is called a “kiva”, a religious ritual room. These complexes typically would have several small kiva’s and on large one. One model of the elaborate architecture of the Pueblo People is Chaco Canyon. This Canyon showed how the Pueblo People were a sophisticated and extremely organized culture.
Religion 10pt ME
Like many religions the pueblo people believed in many gods. These gods are called the kachinas. There are over three hundred different Kachinas in Pueblo religion each a strong spirit of nature. The Pueblo...

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