The Ancient Egyptian Civilization Essay

1088 words - 4 pages

There are many civilizations in history that contributed to the rise of modern day society. All of the things that we see today have been in some way shape or form improved upon to stand the test of time. From the structures of buildings, religion and pyramids, to the influence of art, it all played a part. The ancient civilization of the Egyptians was one of the most significant and well known cultures to ever have existed and technology wise, they were light years ahead.
The ancient Egyptians relied heavily on their religion. In addition to their religion, the Osiris myth was famous among the people because it implied that any deceased individual can get to the afterlife. The deceased would endure a ritual of mummification. Their organs would be taken out and placed in jars except for the heart. The body would be embalmed and stuffed with linen. Then they would be placed inside their burial chamber with a lot of valuables to take to the afterlife. This process was mostly done for the wealthy. They were polytheist who means that they believed in numerous amounts of Gods and Goddesses. They believed that each God or goddess was in control of different aspects in the world such as the weather, water, sun, plants and animals. Worshipping all of the Gods equally was not a requirement in their religion. Some of the Gods even have animal heads to show the connection of the animal and its nature. “Some gods and goddesses took part in creation, some brought the flood every year, some offered protection, and some took care of the people after they died. The ancient Egyptians believed that it was important to recognize and worship these gods and goddesses so that life continued smoothly. “(The British Museum, 1999)
The art of ancient Egypt included paintings, architecture, sculptures, pottery, papyrus, and hieroglyphs. These art forms were expended to honor the Gods and pharaohs, decorate structures, take into the afterlife, depict battles, and portray man and nature and to communicate and leave a legacy for years to come. We are still finding evidence of paintings and artifacts as of today. Some of the paintings of ancient Egypt have stood the test of time due to Egypt’s dry climate. Most of the paintings were done on walls and in caves and in funeral tombs to depict the life of the deceased and offer a pleasant passage. A famous painting that was done by the Egyptians is called Judgment before Osiris. This painting was done on papyrus and depicted a scale and judgment. If the heart of the deceased was lighter than the feather of truth then their soul could enter afterlife.
Egyptians are famous for their giant works of sculptures. Some examples of this include the Great Sphinx of Giza and the statues of Ramses II at the Abu Simbel temples. (Duckster, 2014) The Great Sphinx was made out of limestone and is located by the Nile River and has a face of a man and the body of a lion which pertains to their mythology of human head on an animal’s body and...

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