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The Anglosaxons, William The Conqueror And The Celts)

844 words - 3 pages

The Anglo-Saxons were the first to be known as English. They arrived in AD 499, after the Romans left. They came from the very powerful Germanic tribes: The Saxons (Denmark), the Anglos (Northern Germany) and the Jutes. One of the important figures of the Anglo-Saxons period is William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, and King of England in 1035. Also the Celts played a great influence in their way of life. They followed the rules from the Magna Carta. One of the greatest vestiges of the culture is The Burial called "Sutton hoo" which was a ship where the nobility was buried. This research paper shows a general view of the English culture during the Anglo-Saxon period.William the Conqueror (1027-1087), King of England and illegitimate son of Robert, Duke of Normandy, was born at Falaise, France in 1027. William succeeded his father as a Duke the regrets who ruled for him were faced with rebellious nobles. The company in the royal or noble hall provided the audience for a literature which mirrored the age: Heroic lays recited by Professional bards. The surviving fragments include one major epic: "Beowulf" (Halsey, p. 491)In 1047 a serious rebellion of nobles occurred, and William with the aid of Henry, King of France, gained a great victory at Val-es-Dunes, near Caen, which led the following year to the capture of two strong castles, Aleçon and Domfront. That was his base of operations. In 1054, the young Duke made himself master of provinces and acquired incredible power. After a couple of years of battles and training, William began to take a great interest in English Affairs. He married Matilda, the daughter of the Earl of Flanders, in 1503, but against the papal acceptances. King Harold found himself on Norman soil in 1064, was constrained to take a solemn oath of allegiance to William. (Catholic Enc.)Part of the legacy left by William was the Magna Carta, the fundamental document of the English Common Law. When the Great Charter (as it translates into English) was drafted, those who did the work had no intentions of founding a new government. Most of the articles in the Charter are specific responses to particular problems in early 15th Century. William I instituted a pyramidal system of government that complemented to some extent the system already in place in the late Anglo-Saxon period. The system of law which grew out of this, resulted in hundreds of courts claiming jurisdiction over various peoples. The result was the creation of...

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