Medicine and useful healing products have been around since before 0 BCE, but how effective has it been? Before 0BCE, many medical procedures we still use today have started. The first known surgery was performed around 2750 BCE. The Edwin Smith Papyrus was medical text in Ancient Egypt that had information containing the oldest known surgical treatise on trauma. The Edwin Smith Papyrus is regarded as a copy of several earlier works and was written in 1600BCE. Other Papyrus’s were written such as the Kahun Gynaecological Papyrus. The Kahun Gynaecological Papyrus was known to treat women’s complains. The Kahun Gynaecological Papyrus had thirty four cases detailing diagnosis and treatment. It is the oldest surviving medical text which was written in 1800 BCE.
The earliest known physician was Hesy-Ra. Hesy-Ra was titled Chief of Dentists and Physicians for King Djoser in the 27th century BCE. The earliest known woman physician was Peseshet. Peseshet was titled “Lady Overseer of the Lady Physicians.” Peseshet was also a professer, she trained midwives at an Ancient Egyptian medical school. Both Peseshet and Hesy-Ra practiced their studies in Ancient Egypt. The oldest Babylonian texts date back to the 2nd millennium BCE. However, the most extensive text made by the Babylonians was the Diagnostic Handbook, written by Esagil-kin-apli of Borsippa in 1069-1046 BCE. The Diagnostic Handbook introduced the methods of therapy and etiology. Diseases and other infectious diseases were treated with herbs, creams, and bandages. The book was known for diagnosis and prognosis. It is said to verify which disease or infection someone has, including symptoms and logical rules to determine what infectious disease someone has. Most people see this time as when they used plants to heal every problem. Many people died back then because they did not have advance medical techniques as we do now, but medicine was still effective. Hippocrates was a much known medical physician.
Hippocrates received the title of “Father of modern medicine.” Hippocrates was born in 460 BCE and died 370 BCE. Hippocrates and some of his followers had been the first people to ever describe diseases and medical conditions. He provided the first description of clubbing of the fingers which was an important diagnostic sign in lung cancer and cyanotic heart disease. Clubbed fingers are now referred to Hippocratic fingers. Hippocrates invented the Hippocratic Oath. It is an Oath taken by physicians and other healthcare professionals swearing to practice medicine with integrity. The Hippocratic Oath is still used to this day. He also categorized illnesses into endemic or epidemic. Hippocratic is also famous for contributing to the founding of the prognosis of thoracic empyema which is the suppuration of the lining of the chest cavity. His teachings are also learned by students pursuing into the medical field.
In 400 AD, medicine started to get better. Medical treatments were provided for the poor and...