This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The History Of Phobias Essay

1427 words - 6 pages

Phobias have been in existence for many years. Phobias date back to the works of Hippocrates, a prehistoric Greek physician (Korgeski, 2009). The works of Hippocrates are still debated today. In The Seventh Book of Epidemics, one of the publications by Hippocrates, he studied an individual and he interpreted a condition that the person portrayed. The results of the observation were that the individual was petrified of the sound of a flute, if he wasn’t intoxicated. He noticed the individual was fine during the day listening to the flute but during the night hours everything was different (Korgeski, 2009). From this observation and the work of Hippocrates helped contribute to the creation of term phobia. The word phobia was formulated from a Greek god. Phobus, the son of Ares, means panic and fear (Atsma, 2000). The term phobia was used to describe psychological problems and it was used discreetly in the 1800s.
Moreover, a phobia is considered a type of anxiety disorder; because anxiety is one of the crucial symptoms individuals endure (Phobias, 2007). According to britannica.com, the mental definition of a phobia is a fear of an explicit object or situation. Phobias are common amongst people in the United States. There are approximately 6.3 million Americans that have been pronounced to have a phobia (Fear/Phobia Statistics, 2012). A phobia could be a learnt emotional reaction that transpires when the innovative thought of something that has happened to the individual or object is subjugated by a similar incident. For example, as a young child the person had a bad experience while speaking in front of a big audience.
Specific Phobia
Subsequently, there are many different subtitles that fall under phobia: specific phobia, social phobia and agoraphobia. In the same way, a phobia is the fear of something, a specific phobia, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual is:
“…clinically significant anxiety provoked by exposure to a specific feared object or situation, often leading to avoidance behavior… (Specific phobia, 2013, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of mental disorders, 1994).”

The DSM-IV distributes specific phobia into four classifications: situational type, natural environment, blood injection, and animal type (Specific phobia, 2013). Situational type phobias are fears of being in confined spaces (i.e. elevators) or being afraid of heights. An example of being afraid of heights is getting n roller coasters. Natural environment is being fearful of weather storms (i.e. thunder and lightning). Blood injection is a subject type under specific phobia because some individuals fear blood and/or going through medical procedures (i.e. giving blood). Animal type means to be afraid of animals. For instance, 30.5% of the United States society fears spiders (Fear/Phobia Statistics, 2012). Specific phobia can be treated in various ways.
One way to help treat specific phobia is through cognitive behavioral therapy. Cognitive behavioral...

Find Another Essay On The History of Phobias

Phobias Essay

2214 words - 9 pages is proper and only accepted to follow this rule. The rule has been broken many times in the past, especially by the medical profession. The medical profession is steeped in Latin and many times when forming a name for phobia, they use Latin. There are three kinds of phobias: simple phobia, social phobia, and panic attacks. Simple phobias, also called specific phobias, are fears of a specific thing, such as spiders or being in a closed place

Phobias Essay

1913 words - 8 pages AbstractImagine something that you are immensely afraid of and could not bear to be near. That would be an example of a phobia. Phobias are extreme, irrational fears a person can not eliminate, even when there is no real danger. It is not fully known how people develop phobias. Some experts believe they are learned or they are triggered from traumatic events during childhood and adolescence. The National Institute of Mental Health discovered

Phobias

810 words - 3 pages Phobias can be defines as a behavior disorder in which a person experiences persistent, intense, irrational, fear of a specific situation, object, or circumstances. A phobia is a fear which is overwhelming and causes a person to experience great apprehension of the specific object or situation. (Wikipedia).Phobias are extremely common and sometimes start in childhood for no apparent reason or after a traumatic experience.MotorphobiaMotorphobia

The history of black history

755 words - 4 pages The History on Black History month When I think of the African American culture, I think of warmth and vitality: I think of soul, but I also think of strength and endurance. It has been these qualities given by the most high God to the human mind, body and spirit that to me have presumably characterized a great deal of the African American race in being brought and established here within the United States of America. Therefore, as also to be

The History of Psychology

2411 words - 10 pages discovery of classical conditioning remains one of the most significant in the history of psychology. The conditioning procedure is still essential today for many applications, including behavioral modification and mental health treatment. It is also used to treat phobias, anxiety and panic disorders. In any science, a theory must be falsifiable. Falsification simply means that a theory is considered scientific if the hypothesis can be shown to be

The Landscape of History

1627 words - 7 pages In The Landscape of History, John Lewis Gaddis makes a cohesive argument concerning about the debate over the objectivity of truth by stating “objectivity as a consequence is hardly possible, and that there is, therefore, no such thing as truth (Gaddis 29). The question for objective history has long been debated by numerous historians, and the differing viewpoints of history have led to a transition in our ways of thinking in the modern world

The Study of History

2434 words - 10 pages The knowledge, varied approaches, concepts, and methods of collecting evidence and interpreting the past are essential to the study of history. These approaches are not static; they evolve as society and culture evolves, and evolution of approaches and methodology is vital to the continued study of history. The tradition of cataloging and referencing is the foundation of traditional history and this is their legacy to the modern practice.The new

The Importance of History

563 words - 2 pages The Importance of History Can anything worthwhile be gained from continued research into historical events? History seen as study of the past is an integral part of many education systems across the world. Many countries spend huge amounts of money and resources to uncover their past. Every year new and new historical sites are uncovered, excavations on those sites are conducted and the result are studied by archeologists throughout the world

The Dustbin Of History

876 words - 4 pages the idea of what history is really meant to be. But sometime the sources that we were looking at can be false, which mean the information is consider as inaccurate, because it’s already a past and we cannot prove if the fact is actual or not. History is what was shape by us, we are the one who form it in every angle way.One of Greil Marcus quote that does really catch my attention is when he discusses about watching a drama and commercial on

The History of Candles

1370 words - 5 pages In the beginning of man-kind the only source of light was sunlight or firelight. Candles delivered an entirely new perspective, allowing us to travel and complete tasks in the night. Up until the 1900’s candles were the only source of light other than sunlight (“The history of candles and candle making from candlewic” 1). Over history there have been many changes and advancements in the candle making process and its uses. At the very start of

The End of History

2154 words - 9 pages In the past decades there has been a revolution in ways of understanding the impact of history on society and its ideology. There is no doubt that liberalism has a major impact on the world today but history evaluates the coming of liberalism as the end to history. The end to history is viewed as such where post war history is the end point to all ideological development of mankind, and the integration of western liberal democracy is a final

Similar Essays

The Cause Of Phobias Essay

1123 words - 4 pages The Cause of Phobias Thesis: We are not born with phobias – a phobia is learnt because it has become associated with an object or an experience that is unpleasant. According to the behaviourist, a phobia has to be learnt. This can happen in one of two ways: classical or operant conditioning. Classical conditioning is where an object/experience becomes associated with something unpleasant or causes pain/fear

The Treatment Of Phobias Essay

1026 words - 4 pages . Throughout the essay there will be three different treatments with three different phobias in ways to cure a phobia; the first is a trauma-focused treatment approach for travel phobia, assessment and treatment for childhood phobias, and hypnosis in facilitating clinical treatment of injections. Several people today suffer from travel phobia, yet there is little data regarding the phobia. The purpose of this study was to review the usefulness of a

The Causes And Treatments Of The Most Common Phobias

865 words - 4 pages there is a spider, they try to avoid that certain place. 50% of females dislike arachnophobia and 18% of men also has arachnophobia. The fourth most common phobia is acrophobia. People who have acrophobia are more likely to limit their movements than other specific phobias. The fifth most common phobia is acrophobia. People who have acrophobia are more likely to limit their movements than other specific phobias. Someone who suffers from

The Logistics Of Social Phobias And Social Anxieties

1646 words - 7 pages Social phobias can be defined as a severe or illogical fear of a certain thing or setting. Social phobias are anxiety conditions and can happen during normal, routine situations. Social phobias are some of the most common types of phobia in today’s society. According to one study, about thirteen percent of the population has a social anxiety disorder (Libal, 15). There are many different types that are common among people. They are