After the American Revolution, the United States was strained and in need of a new form of government. Representatives of the colonies decided that there was a need to have a written document that held true to what the union of America stood for. They began with the Articles of Confederation. When the Articles failed to properly organize the country, a new approach was needed. After long nights and many debates the forefather's agreed upon drafting a new Constitution that would hold strong for future generations. The Constitution would provide a set of checks and balances to limit the new branches of the government and also contain a Bill of Rights that defined the most basic of rights for the people of America.
Thirteen British colonies had asserted and established their their independence because they declared the form of government under which they had been living was destructive of their 'unalienable rights' of 'life , liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.' (Farrand, 1913) After much mistreatment by the British government the colonists of America became weary of their leaders. During the Second Continental Congress the Declaration of Independence was drafted. It was only the first step for America to become the strong nation that it is today. Years of fighting against the British armies ensued and finally the Americans won their independence. After much trial and error in the period after the Revolution, the forefather's of the United States drafted the timeless document known as the United States Constitution.
When the Americans won the war the new leaders were aware that they would need to develop a government. The Articles of Confederation were written and adopted by the United States for this purpose. (Harr, 2012) The period in which the Articles of Confederation existed was a very important time. It was a time of growing and learning politically and socially. Because of the fear to form a strong political presence the articles formed a weak governmental structure. The Articles did not include a judiciary or executive branch of government. Although the Articles did include and allow congress to provide national defense, preserve open commerce, and foster international diplomacy. (Dougherty, 2006)
After only nine short years the Articles of Confederation failed to uphold the governmental structure that was so very needed in the growing nation. Many of the shortcomings in the Articles led to it's demise. There are several reasons for the failure of the Articles of Confederation. The Articles did not allow the congress to levy taxes therefore leaving the new country without the resources available for it to succeed. Without monetary resources the government could not function properly. In addition, without an executive branch there was no strong authority available to manage the problems that were happening between many states and it's citizens.
Several of the states had expressed to their delegates in Congress that a...