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The History Of The Vietnam War

1608 words - 6 pages

The Vietnam War took two decades of twentieth century and it was the longest and the most difficult war in American history. Robert Buzzanco claims that Americans were not involved in the conflict from its beginning, because they were not interested in Vietnam at the end of World War II. It has changed when Americans became aware of European politics and western economic expansion which were connected with Indochina. Such as World War II was the major turning point in case of Vietnamese struggle for liberalism and social revolution, the Vietnam War had strong impact on America in the 1960s. (Buzzanco 1999) Spector states that Vietnam War was for Americans “manifestation of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies.” (Spector, par. 3) He continues that in the 1950s just a small number of military advisers were present in Vietnam and that had grown during 1960s, but there is not any notice of the official declaration of war by Congress.
The early beginning of the conflict came soon after World War II, in 1945, when the World was divided into two dominant powers. Soviet Union and the United States of America tried to improve its economic status and free market which was weakened after the World War II. In Europe, they hoped to rebuild Britain, Germany, Italy, France and others which were along Capitalist lines. Their aim was to use these areas to provide resources and markets and also to prevent Soviet Union from spreading Communism beyond Europe. France had colonies in Indochina before World War II, so they wanted to rebuild them. These were Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. But the Vietnam had been divided into two states, North Vietnam supported by China and Soviet Union, and South Vietnam supported by France and United states. In 1954 France lost their power and they had to leave this area. United States in attempt to sustain South Vietnam under its influence, started to fight with North Vietnam more violently. Firstly there was hope that South and North Vietnam could be unified together after elections which were planned for 1955, but these were never held, because government of President Diem, supported by US President Eisenhower, did not want to hold elections which could bring Communist influences into the South's government. (Buzzanco 1999) When North Vietnam formed National Liberal Front and started as a guerrilla movement opposite to South government, the United States send military advisor in support of the South government.
On March 1956 the first American combat troops came to the land of South Vietnam, and until 1968 there were approximately five hundred thousands of American soldiers willing to lie their lives down on battlefields. The greatest increase of Americans presence in Vietnam was in time of John F. Kennedy's presidency. When John Fitzgerald Kennedy became the President in 1961 American role in Vietnam dramatically enlarged. In spite of Eisenhower's warning against the growing...

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