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The Antebellum Period. Speaks Of What Was Happening In Pre Civil War Time, Reasons For The War, And Differences Between The Northern, And Southern States

1588 words - 6 pages

The purpose of this essay is to show what was happening in pre-Civil War time. To show the reasons for the war. To show the differences between the Northern, and Southern states.The antebellum period started with the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution was brought to the United States by Samuel Slater from England in the late 18th century. He was a textile worker who actually founded the American cotton textile industry.This revolution was when three major changes happened to the United States. These changes are the change of, machines to do the work of hand tools, the use of steam as power, and the adoption of the factory system.The revolution effected the eonomy through the change from a housing economy, which means an economy in wich the production of food and other necessary itemsby a family for only personnel use, to a market economy, wich means the production of food and other goods and services are used for cash sale often in a distant market.Some of the inventions during this revolution are, Samuel Hopkin's new kind of fertilizer ingredient in 1790. Also in 1790 was Slater's invention of the spinning mill which was made in Pawtuckett, Rhode Island. Eli Whitney's cotton gin was invented in 1794. His idea was stolen and copied by others even though it had a patent. His reason's for this invention was to produce enough cotton to meet the demands of England's newly invented spinning and weaving machine. Also in 1794 was the creation of the Lancaster Turnpike, which linked Lancaster to Philadelphia. In 1807 Robert Fulton's steamboat Clermont made it's maiden voyage on the Hudson River, traveling from New York City, New York to Albany, New York. In 1816 in Philadelphia, tested street lights earlier, Baltimore, Maryland becomes first city to light it's streets with gas lamps. When the Erie Canal was completed in 1825, Governor Clinton of New York poured water from Lake Erie into the Atlantic Ocean. The first gun that could be used effectively by a person on horseback was Samuel Colt's six-shooter revolver in 1833. His pistol had a rotating cylinder that allowed six individual bullets to be fired before reloading. The first telegraph message was sent from the United States Supreme Court in Washington D.C. to Baltimore, Maryland, invented by Samuel Morse in 1844. The first official United States stamps were issued in 1847. Senders began to pay the cost of sending a letter. In 1851 Amelia Jenks Bloomer, an editor of a women's rights magazine Lily, gains attention by wearing trousers, later known as Bloomers. In 1853 the Crystal Palace exhibition was held in New York to display and demonstrate new American inventions and industrial advances. In 1840 3,000 miles of canals have been built.Canals were one of the Northern United States major ways of transportation. Another way of transportation for the North was roads. On these roads tolls collected fees from those who used it. Other ways of North's transportation are railroads, clipper...

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