The Anthropological Key To Sustainable Development

3083 words - 13 pages

I. Introduction
Development is for people, of people, and by people. Literature on development studies notes that the discussion has evolved from the economic aspect to a holistic approach on the issue. Debates on the issue seem to answer an aspect of man–the basic needs approach sees development in satisfying his material needs while the capability approach sees development in expanding man’s ability to be the steward of his own development. Both approaches in themselves are valuable, but both have to be considered with the knowledge that man is at the center of development. He is, after all, the material, formal, efficient and final cause of development. Man is the beginning, the means and the end of any developmental effort. However, which of these two aspects of development must be given priority depends on the knowledge of its advocates and supporters of who and what man is.

This essay will unfold through 1) A discussion on what the terms development and sustainable development mean and imply; 2) The underscoring of the goals of development; and 3) An explanation on why education in freedom is needed for an increased sensitivity of cultural traditions.

II. Development for what
Development is usually defined “as the significant and measurable economic growth, and the emergence of social, economic, and political institutions.” Development is clearly a process that involves change that is empirically verifiable within a given period, thus making the time element a central factor. This can be seen, for example, in assessing noticeable differences in the state of affairs from the start of an intervention to when such involvement ceases. There could also be intermediate measurements to check the effectiveness of proposed solutions to existing substandard conditions. It is hoped that progress made within that period continues even when aid from external benefactors has been exhausted.

External and internal interventions usually rely on current available resources in giving assistance to beneficiaries. The World Commission on Environment and Development therefore defines sustainable development as the kind of “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It contains within it two key concepts: the concept of ‘need,’ in particular the essential needs of the world’s poor, to which overriding priority should be given, and the idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environment’s ability to meet present and future needs.”

These definitions place economic growth beside the need to preserve the immediate physical environment; hence the campaign to protect the earth’s resources. From these we see that mainstream strategies seeking to address the problem of development only focus on one or few needs. Education, population control, free trade, development of credit and capital markets through a violent revolution, the...

Find Another Essay On The Anthropological Key to Sustainable Development

To What Extent Can the Problems of Urbanization Be Met by a Policy of Sustainable Development

1577 words - 6 pages Introduction: As time goes on, our society is developing. Inevitably, it has some advantages and shortcomings, including urbanization, that is towns and cities grow rapidly as people move from the countryside (Bilham-Boult, 1999). As is known to us all, urbanization causes a large quantity of problems. To solve these problems, governments have come up with a policy of sustainable development, which means development that meets the needs of

To What Extent Can the Problems of Urbanization be Met by a Policy of Sustainable Development

1815 words - 7 pages Introduction With the development of urbanization, an increasing number of social problems have emerged. These problems will decelerate the urban development, however, there are many ways in which sustainable development can reduce the impact of these urbanization problems. “Sustainable development seeks to improve the quality of human life without undermining the quality of our natural environment” (Adams, W.M. 1999). Actually

The Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) Toolkit

1205 words - 5 pages Sustainability has become a buzzword in lives of many Americans. The challenge with creating programs that promote and educate on the topic sustainability is that there does not appear to be a consistent definition for the term ‘sustainable’. In the Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) Toolkit, the authors suggest that “sustainable development is generally thought to have three components: environment, society, and economy. The well

Critically assess the concept of sustainable development

1217 words - 5 pages should also recompense novelty that enables the achievement of national environmental priorities. Community-level action • Through improved awareness, attitude re-orientation and the provision of alternatives, individual and communal action could be an essential force in the long run in achieving ecologically friendly sustainable development. At the community level, the significance of environmental management ought to be re-packaged to reflect

To what extent do you consider the concept and principles of sustainable development to be of use to environmental managers?

1919 words - 8 pages The concept of sustainable development is a source of much confusion and disagreement between authorities and individual experts. Although the principles of sustainable development are interpreted similarly by these separate groups, the views of how to reach the desired outcome can cause great disorder between the different bodies. Broad opinions of what is actually needed to achieve sustainability have slowed down the process of attaining it

The Key To Success

762 words - 4 pages privileged lifestyle, they need to do their homework. Having helpful homework here, is the key to victory, inviting us through a door to various opportunities in life! “The journey of a thousand miles begins with one step.” Essentially, homework is a beneficial component of life. Without it, there wouldn't be any jobs around as we wouldn't be intelligent enough to pass the exams and courses needed to fill positions. Some people may be innately gifted

Why education is key to improving Human Development around the world

924 words - 4 pages What is Human Wellbeing:Human wellbeing is the ability of people to access the things they need and want in order to live happy and content lives. Geographers can measure this on many different scales by collecting and analysing data on the population of a specific area, as well as the geographical data of the area itself. This is called the Human Development Index (HDI). The world currently faces a huge inequality in the distribution of wealth

What are the factors influencing sustainable development? - Essay

2533 words - 11 pages What are the factors influencing sustainable development and how do they differ between the Global North and Global South? In recent years, global priorities have shifted towards considerations of sustainability. Buzzwords such as ‘green’, ‘eco-friendly’ and ‘sustainable’ are now commonplace in day to day dialogue. In ‘Our common future’, Gro Harlem Brundtland[footnoteRef:1] defines sustainable development as ‘paths of human progress that

The Key to Designing Safely

4054 words - 16 pages The Key to Designing Safely We have come a long way since the first recordings of workplace related incidents and over the years the UK construction industry has witnessed a steady decline in the number of accidents and fatalities. However, compared to other industries these figures are still unacceptably high. Formally, safety held its domain firmly within the construction phase where it was perceived most

Spanish: The Key to Opportunity

823 words - 3 pages . The study of the Spanish language opens the door to countless opportunities and benefits that one would not have had otherwise. In addition to being a deciding factor in employment and a vital tool for comprehension of literary works produced in the Spanish-speaking world, the Spanish language is the foundation upon which global awareness and cultural sensitivity is built. The Spanish language holds the key to eliminating political dissension in

Q1: FULL supply chain (SC) for computer products Q2: Trends terms of wealth and opportunity of the people Q3: Cradle to Cradle Q4: The key ingredients of socially sustainable business Q5: “...

2716 words - 11 pages for other products. The creation of life and sustainability is in the center. A building for example, can not only produce its own energy and become self-sustainable but with a green roof provide a habitat for birds and other animals. Rather than just a design concept, the cradle to cradle approach is a visionary way to think for a good future. Q4: The key ingredients of socially sustainable business The priorities of our current economy

Similar Essays

Race And The Development Of Anthropological Theory

2170 words - 9 pages Limitations of the Comparative Method of Anthropology, p 273). The reason that he saw that there were many ways of development came from the concept that constraining of perception and thinking by the elements of a culture.. Those two ideas were the cornerstones to his understanding of race. Culture as constraining perception and thinking can be seen in the fact that many languages lack a term for green. Since there is not that division, some are

The Benefits Of Sustainable Development Essay

1214 words - 5 pages PennEnergy's Oil & Gas Journal Online Research Center and PennEnergy Online Research Center” ( In the article “WPC: Sustainable development fealty key to oil's future” from Oil & Gas Journal, he summaries that “industry’s main challenge is to provide global access to supplies of energy while meeting concerns caused by the production of fossil fuels.” So, sustainable development lets oil and gas producers have future. Based on

The Implementation Of Sustainable Development Essay

3574 words - 14 pages The Implementation of Sustainable Development In November 1992, more than half of all living Nobel Prize winners signed a document called "World Scientists' Warning to Humanity" that began with this stark statement: Human beings and the natural world are on a collision course. Human activities inflict harsh and often irreversible damage on the environment and on critical resources. If not checked, many of our current practices put at

A Road To China Sustainable Development

3578 words - 14 pages The Road to a Sustainable Economic Development in China The Road to a Sustainable Economic Development in China A Survey Based on My Village Leo Lee, 2010-1-8 Outline: Introduction Survey Purpose Survey Methods Findings Conclusion Suggestions References Content: Introduction With over 30 years of rapid economic growth, our country has becoming one of main economic powers in the world