The Apartheid started in 1948 when Dr. Malan’s National Party beat the United Party who wanted integration. After the National Party won they had been given the Sauer report, which said that they had to choose between integration or an Apartheid. They chose the Apartheid which meant racial segregation of all of the races. They were split into 3 groups black, coloured and white and they were forced to move to an area specifically designated to their colour. There was petty Apartheid introduced so that black people couldn’t use the same building as white people. This was introduced to stop white and black people mixing. It also affected benches, water fountains and also beaches to humiliate anyone who wasn’t white. Black or coloured people weren’t allowed to marry or have sexual relationships with people who aren’t the same colour, to stop the spread of coloured people and the National Party stayed in power by making sure only white people could vote.
South Africa is placed at the bottom of Africa and is on the trade route for ships. That is why the white people started to set up a settlement so that they could start a new life and start a business for a stop off point for ships travelling around the bottom of Africa. Dutch were the first white people to move there because they wanted to escape persecution for their religion in their home country; they wanted to start a new life away from their old one. The British invaded because they wanted it as their own settlement because it was a stop off point for people on the trade route and it was also between located Britain and India, which was part of the British Empire and therefore important to get to. The British also thought of it as more land for the Empire even if people were already there. The geographical position of South Africa made Apartheid happen because they would not be disturbed by people who have different ideas about segregation because south Africa is out the way of everyone else more powerful than them.
South Africa was a piece of land full of economic potential. It contained gold and diamonds making it popular for anyone who wanted to get cash quick. As soon as gold and diamonds were found it started a gold and diamond rush so people flocked to South Africa to claim the land as theirs and become rich, but slowly as people ran out of money the big mining companies bought out everyone in order to become even richer, and own all the gold and diamonds in South Africa. One of the biggest diamond mines was Kimberly where diamonds were discovered in 1862. The economic potential of South Africa led to the Boers trying to take all of the gold and diamonds away from the native people so it led to Apartheid splitting the native people away from their riches so that the Boers could get it.
The first people to land in South Africa were the Dutch people that were escaping persecution in Holland they were called the Afrikaners/Boers and believed that God had chosen them for a reason and that...