The Application Of Bourdieu’s Theory To Neoliberal Principles And Practices

1294 words - 6 pages

Creating a symbolic system within a field means to construct reality, which requires the internalization of structures so that the social actor may reflect it and this structure can be perceived or recognized by others. The process of mutual recognition of capital that takes place in respective fields is known as symbolic capital. When capital takes on meaning in a field it has a symbolic trait, hence symbolic capital. It’s the things that aren’t tangible such as status, prestige, and authority that social actors perceive as legitimate (Siisiäinen. 2000: 12-13). Bourdieu (1985: 17) states, “Those who occupy the dominated position within the social space are also located in dominated ...view middle of the document...

1979: 79). This power can be exercised economically, politically and socially as long as it is legitimized.
Application of Bourdieu’s theory to neoliberalism
Bourdieu (1979: 80) once said, “The dominant fractions, whose power is based on economic and political capital, seek to impose the legitimacy of their domination either through their own symbolic production (discourse, writings, etc) or through the intermediary of conservative ideologists who serve the interests of the dominant fractions”. These dominant fractions are neoliberal conservative think tanks planted in the western modern world organizations for policy making such as IMF, WTO and the World Bank. They impose neoliberal beliefs and practices upon developing nations in the name of globalization. These organizations and developing countries have a political relationship that is acknowledged by both parties, which is the basis that allows symbolic violence to take place. Their policies would be considered capital in this political field which how they control political capital and keep the dominant position. The monetary economic capital is controlled by the loans given to theses developing nations which in turn creates social polarization in these societies also controlled by these organization because they created new social structures and dependencies unfamiliar to those in history.
Bourdieu’s concept of doxa, which is, “an unquestionable orthodoxy that operates as if it were the objective truth – across social space in its entirety, from the practices and perceptions of individuals (at the level of habitus) to the practices and perceptions of the state and social groups (at the level of fields)”, is how neoliberals have presented globalization in order to practice symbolic power (Chopra. 2003: 421). Because doxa is accepted as true, it is simply taken for granted and never contested. In today’s economic discourse the notion exists that “globalization is inevitable”. For this reason, developing countries implement the neoliberal way of globalization instead of exploring other means of progress for their nation. Therefore, globalization is a euphemism for economic success (Siisiäinen. 2002: 21).
Bourdieu also mentioned how writings and language can be a tool when it comes to practicing symbolic power. Neoliberals had the language, claiming globalization to be “inevitable” and almost as self-prophecy the inevitable begins to happen (Bourdieu. 1979). The writings are used as justification or to legitimize the doxa. For example, the literature “What Washington Means by Policy Reform” by Williamson and “Economic Reform and the Process of Global Integration” by Sachs and Warner’s, all of whom are well known intellectuals who carried out the study for the World Bank who has the authority in the economic and political discourses to make such an influence, represents how neoliberals have control over symbolic knowledge as well.
Williamson’s book was termed “Washington Consensus” in...

Find Another Essay On The application of Bourdieu’s Theory to Neoliberal Principles and Practices

The History, Theory, and Application of Avogadro's Principle

691 words - 3 pages Dalton's theory, only one volume of water would be produced and a volume of hydrogen would be left over. In an effort to protect his own atomic theory, Dalton tried to discredit Gay-Lussac.Reading both of the chemists' works, Avogadro tried to settle the disagreement. In 1811, Avogadro, in his published article, Journal de physique, made the distinction between the atom and molecule, and wrote that Dalton had made the error of equating a molecule with

The Devastating Effects of Neoliberal Policies

1498 words - 6 pages more across the globe and the inability of the poor people to afford the high market prices. Free Trade Neoliberalism applies political forces to the advantage of the powerful and wealth at the expense of other nations. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is an example of free market that gives legal rights to the corporations at the expense of the national sovereignty (Makwana, 2006). Its application caused people to lose their job

Application of the Theory of Continuity

694 words - 3 pages In the theoretical part of the work there was an extensive review of the subject literature. Number of aspects of the emulsions’ stability and phenomena associated with phases’ separation (creaming, sedimentation, flocculation, coalescence) were described. The basic issues related to the traffic theory (engineering) were also presented. In the experimental part of the work studies of emulsions’ stability were conducted. Dispersed phases

Theory of Chronic Sorrow and Nursing Application

1479 words - 6 pages   Theory of Chronic Sorrow and Nursing Application The theory of chronic sorrow is a middle range nursing theory explored largely by Georgene Gaskill Eakes, Mary Lermnann Burke and Maragret A. Hainsworth. The theory provides framework for understanding and working with individuals who have experienced a significant loss of a loved one. As stated by Eakes et al. (1998, p. 179), Chronic sorrow is described as “…the periodic recurrence of

Motivational Theory and Application

1836 words - 7 pages Motivational Theory and ApplicationThere are as many motivational theories as there are people to motivate. We focus on two dissimilar theories, which initially seem in opposition to each other. Through proper development and application, we see the ability to use both in the merger/acquisition scenario. The anticipated outcome of using both theories is the generation of a new and stronger organization than is possible by choosing one of the

Legal Theory and Application

1169 words - 5 pages to dress flamboyantly; this kept him close to his mother, pleasing her in an obscure way. He worked part time jobs, but would not try for full time employment. This would mean structure, disciplined behavior, no drugs, or alcohol. Full time employment would not be a life he could maintain; he had never lived a life of structure. The stress of his youth; lack of parental positive attention and supervision; starvation; physical, mental, and

Personal application of theory

677 words - 3 pages able to take risk, flexible, optimism, curious in things and lastly have persistence even when things are not going accordingly. Throughout my career life, I was able to take opportunities upon happenstances which lead me into the career and work counselling program. Therefore I believe in the planned happenstance theory because all my career choices was lead by happen chances. In the beginning of 2012, I lost my job and have been searching for a

the history of management and how management theory applies in architectural practices

1507 words - 7 pages would be a need to formalise management to assist the owners in running their businesses more productively. It wasn’t until the early 1900’s that management theorists came forward with defined principles of management. We refer to these original theories as ‘Classical Management Theories’, they can broken down into two areas; Scientific Management and Classic Administrative. Frederick Taylor was one of the main contributors to Scientific

Successful Application of Theory to a Placement Case

4360 words - 18 pages An important aspect of social work is expert knowledge (Walker, 2012) and application of theory to practice, supported through research evidence (Dunk-West, 2013). In addition, the Professional Capabilities Framework (PCF, The College of Social Work, 2012) outlines the expectations of social workers in the UK. As a student social worker, the PCF governs my development and practicing the application of theory is a critical stage in learning. To

Application of Expectancy Violations Theory to an Interpersonal Communicative Episode

1789 words - 7 pages violations. They then respond in terms of positive or negative violation valence (West and Turner, 2006). Behaviors which are positively valenced are "theorized to produce more positive interaction patterns and outcomes" while behaviors which are considered negative violations are likely to result in negative valence (Burgoon, 1993).Application of EVT into Reality:Expectancies:Applying EVT to the scenario described above, we can identify some

Application of Dynamical Systems Theory to Improve Sports Performance

2970 words - 12 pages . Chow et al. (2006) defines dynamical systems theory as the application of the concepts and tools of nonlinear dynamics to coaching practice. Research by Davids et al (2003) noted that in recent studies, tools and concepts from dynamical systems theory have and are being applied to the study of movement systems with great success, contradicting traditional views of variability as noise or error. This perspective shows it is apparent that

Similar Essays

Utilitarianism, Principles Of Mill's Utilitarianism With Application To "Crime And Punishment" Well Organized And Good Grip On Mill's Theory

1672 words - 7 pages an acceptable solution because he has not accurately solved the problem. On the other hand, a non-utilitarian would reject even the notion of deliberating about the act of murder in such a mathematical manner. He might contend that Raskolnikov's reasoning, and the entire theory of utilitarianism, cannot be used to judge morality because it rejects individual rights and contains no moral absolutes.A utilitarian bases his belief upon two principles

The Keynesian And Neoliberal View Of Unemployment

2588 words - 10 pages Both the Keynesian and Neoliberal era came into existence as an aftermath of both an economic crisis and a war. Keynesianism came after the Second World War when the then neoclassical economy was in crisis. This crisis brought forth Keynesianism with the underlying disbelief in the self-regulating nature of capitalism. The Keynesian ideology believed in increased state intervention to produce economic stability. This policy rested

‘The Increasing Application Of Scientific Management Principles Of Work Organisations To Services Is, Despite Its Limitations, Inevitable And Irreversible’. Discuss

1997 words - 8 pages Essay on organisational behavior within companies -'The increasing application of Scientific Management principles of work organisations to services is, despite its limitations, inevitable and irreversible'. Discuss.___________MScAdam Cossey(c)'The increasing application of Scientific Management principles of work organisations to services is, despite its limitations, inevitable and irreversible'. Discuss.I IntroductionFrom the outset of this

The Application Of Social And Emotional Theory: Moving To A Retirement Village

1699 words - 7 pages unknown with village living. However, despite this; Jean remained optimistic about a fresh new start, and looked forward to living in a new place. She was content with the fact that it was the best choice for her, Frank and their family. Application of Cognitive Theory Jean Piaget (1896-1980) developed the cognitive-developmental theory, from studying child intellect. He believed that cognitive development peaked at the age