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The Arab Gulf States Essay

1042 words - 4 pages

Arabian Gulf or the Persian Gulf: is the arm of the Arabian Sea, extending from Gulf of Oman in the south to along the Shatt-AL Arab in the north. Its length around 965 km from Shatt-Al Arab to the Hormuz fjord, which links it in the Gulf of Oman. The area of the Arabian Gulf approximately 233 100 km², and varies in width between a maximum of about 370 km to a minimum of 55 km in the Hormuz fjord. A maximum depth of the Arabian Gulf is 90 m. The gulf separates the Arabian Peninsula and south-western of Iran, and overlooking it eight countries including Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, UAE and Oman and Iran. Arabian Gulf is very important economically. Most of the world's oil exports through the movement through the ports along its shores. Most of the countries bordering the Arabian Gulf coast are the exporter of oil. In addition, The Arabian Gulf includes oil and gas fields. In 25 May 1981, arab countries overlooking the Arabian Gulf formed a political and economic union in particular called: "Cooperation Council for the Arab Gulf States". They are an Arab regional organization composed of six members of the overlooks the Arabian Gulf are Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and Bahrain. Council was based on the linking the six countries of their special relations, common features, similar systems, and unity of purpose. Here I am going to classify member States of the Cooperation Council by their culture, area, population, terrain and weather.. Through that we can see what these countries, the nature of life and how will its future in the near future.

The researchers used to look at the Arab Gulf states as "states of homogeneous". However, the truth and history tells another story. Arab Gulf states are "heterogeneous" in reality. It is multicultural, creeds, races, climates, regions, dialects, geography and political history. Heterogeneity does not necessarily mean the inability of the components of harmony. Gulf countries in general were not known in the history of all homogeneous either before or after the modern state. Their domestic policies reflected image not true about the reality of the Arab Gulf states. For that were the writings of Western far from reality. The lack of information about the Gulf States and their internal affairs caused portray many errors. Over the last decade began what we called rediscovery of the Gulf region again. In Saudi Arabia is a Muslim majority "Sunni" over the whole country, and Sunni Muslims, is divided into several sects, including: (Wahhabism, Shaafaism, Sufism, Maalikism), accounting for 70% of the country's population. Shiites make up 20% and divided into Ismaelia, Zaidia and Jaafari. Spread Shiites in the eastern region often and there are minorities in the west and south. A 10% of the population formed of other sects and some non-religious. In Qatar, the majority are Sunni Muslims. According to the report "Religious Freedom in the world" by 2006, the proportion of Shiites up to 10% of...

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