The Arab Israeli Conflict Essay

1664 words - 7 pages

The Arab-Israeli conflict has been ongoing for many years and so far a
peaceful solution to the violence has not been reached. The 'peace
process' aims to find a just, fair and lasting peace solution to the
conflict in the Middle East.

The USA in particular has been very active in looking for a peace
solution. This is because Israel is their ally. There are several
million Jews in the USA and many send money to support Israel. Also
the Arabs used oil as a very successful weapon in the Yom Kippur War,
and the West depends on this oil. This was demonstrated with the price
rises of 1973 that caused economic recession very quickly. The USA
still wished to support Israel, but it was also important not to
offend the Arab countries, and their plentiful oil supplies. Therefore
peace in the Middle East has been the goal of successive American
Presidents.

In the last 30 years there have been several unsuccessful attempts to
find a peace solution for the conflict in the Middle East. In 1973
peace talks opened and this was the first time that Arabs and Israelis
had sat together at a peace conference. UN troops were brought in, and
things seemed to be heading the right way towards peace.

However the first major peace negotiations were in 1977 when the
President Carter of the USA offered to act as mediator for President
Sadat of Egypt and President Begin of Israel, the leaders of the two
sides at that time. The negotiations took place at Carter's holiday
home Camp David. Sadat and Begin agreed to negotiate a peace treaty
and establish democratic relations. Egypt would recognise Israel's
right to exist and Israel would gradually retreat from the Sinai
Peninsula. This was the first peace agreement in the Middle East
between Israel and an Arab country. However although Israel and Egypt
could now exist side by side, the two leaders had to face much
internal opposition over Camp David, and there was not peace. There
were still a great deal of violence and terrorist attacks. Two years
after the peace treaty was signed, Sadat was assassinated by Arab
extremists in Egypt.

Following the Gulf War against Saddam Hussein in 1990, a conference
was held in Madrid where US President Bush stated that any settlement
in the Middle East would be based on the United Nations Security
Council Resolutions 242 and 338. This stated the demand of the
withdrawal of Israel from the occupied territories, acknowledgement of
independent states in the Middle East, a just settlement to the
refugee problem and that all parties should start negotiations aimed
at establishing a just and lasting peace in the Middle East. The
declaration was an agenda for negotiations covering a five year
interim period which would then aim to lead to a permanent agreement
and address such issues as Jerusalem, settlements and the 1948...

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