The Arab Isreali Conflict Essay

1994 words - 8 pages

The Arab Isreali Conflict

The Arab-Israeli conflict came about from the notion of Political Zionism. Zionism is the belief that Jews constitute a nation (or a people) and that they deserve the right to return to what they consider to be their ancestral home, land of Israel (or Palestine). Political Zionism, the belief that Jews should establish a state for themselves in Palestine, was a revolutionary idea for the 19th Century. During World War I, Jews supported countries that constituted the Central Powers because they detested the tyranny of czarist Russia. Both the Allies and Central Powers needed Jewish support, but Germany could not espouse Zionism due to its ties with the Ottoman Empire, which still controlled Palestine. British Prime Minister Lloyd George & Foreign Secretary Lord Balfour, favored Zionism and supported their cause in a letter that became known as the Balfour Declaration, ensuring that the British government would control Palestine after the war with a commitment to build the Jewish national home there, promising only to work for the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine and not harm the civil and religious rights of Palestine’s "existing non-Jewish communities". After the Great War, Britain’s Forces jointly occupied the area known as Palestine with Faysal’s (Iraq) Arab army. The British set up a provisional military government in Jerusalem that soon became a struggle between Jewish settlers and the Arab inhabitants. In April 1920, the Palestinian Arabs revolted, killing Jews and damaging property, opening the Arab nationalist revolution in Palestine. The League of Nations awarded the Palestine mandate in 1922, charging Britain with carrying out the Balfour Declaration, encouraging Jewish migration to Palestine and help create the Jewish "national home". But the Arabs suspected the British mandate would hold them in colonial bondage until the Jews achieved a majority in Palestine. Winston Churchill issued a white paper denying that the British government meant to give preferential treatment to Jews with a proviso for restricting Jewish immigration to conform to Palestine’s "absorptive capacity". Another action that seemed to violate the mandate was the creation of the Emirate of Transjordan, removing two-thirds of Palestine that lay east of the Jordan River from the area in which Jews could develop their national home, claiming the partition was only temporary. During the first civilian governor of Palestine, it looked as if Jewish-Arab differences would be resolved when more Jews emigrated out of Palestine than immigrated and with the presence of a complementary relationship among the two peoples, but the hopes dissipated during the 1929 "Wailing Wall Incident". The Wailing Wall (a.k.a. the Western Wall) is a remnant of the second Jewish Temple, symbolizing the hope that one day the Temple will be rebuilt and the ancient Jewish rituals revived; but the Wall also forms a part of the enclosure surrounding the Temple...

Find Another Essay On The Arab Isreali Conflict

The Arab- Israeli Conflict Essay

2375 words - 10 pages The Arab- Israeli Conflict AO1: "What are the main differences between the beliefs and attitudes of the Jews/Israelis and the Arabs/ Palestinians towards the land now called Israel with the Gaza Strip and the West Bank? The Arab- Israeli conflict is one of the most interesting conflicts that have strained relations between the Muslims and the Jews which involves a small but significant piece of land known as Palestine

The Arab-Israeli Conflict & Its Effect on the Arab Countries

1975 words - 8 pages The Arab Israeli conflict is one of the major dilemmas in the world in the modern history. Many political leaders assume that this is the most complicated conflict around the world, even bigger than the Cold War. During the 1960’s and the 1970’s, the Arab world decided to go with confrontation and fight fire with fire. The Middle East became a war zone where all the Arab countries lined up to win back Palestine. However, the Israeli cabinet was

Iran and the Arab-Israeli Conflict

2206 words - 9 pages Arab-Israeli Conflict PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 1 Running Head: IRAN AND THE ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICTIran and the Arab-Israeli ConflictIran and the Arab-Israeli ConflictIntroductionThe historical context of Arab-Israeli conflict we have seen and put it in front of the leadership of the delegation and the leadership of the shadow government Wafd Kelmhat for the beginnings of this historic conflict, and we expect him to end his fate in the end. It is our

The Effect of Outside Powers on the Arab-Israeli Conflict

2028 words - 8 pages The Effect of Outside Powers on the Arab-Israeli Conflict The tension in the Middle East is a constant problem; originating from both historical and religious claims to the area. It is strengthened, as both parties have convinced themselves that they are right, and are victims of the other side. Furthermore, it has been fuelled by the involvement of the Western powers, as well as the stubbornness of the Middle Eastern

The Arab-Israeli Conflict: Protecting Democracy in the Middle East

3986 words - 16 pages Palestine (Morris 4). The beginnings of mass immigration to Palestine began when, according to Lesch and Tschirgi’s Origins and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, Herzl created the World Zionist Organization (WZO) in 1897. Among other things, the WZO helped immigrants to Palestine with purchasing land with the express intent of establishing a homeland there (Lesch and Tschirgi 5). With this immigration, Israel’s detractors have claimed that the

Role of Geography in the Arab-Israeli Conflict

1626 words - 7 pages The lust for territory seems to be the real source of conflict, and until one group is satisfied, the appearance of religious conflict will exist in the Middle East. It seems as if the real truth needs to be portrayed to the rest of the world about the true reason for the Arab-Israeli conflict, which is geography and ultimately water. The lack of water stems from the Great Syrian Rift Zone, and causes damage to Israeli land which ultimately

Violations of Human Rights in the Arab-Israeli Conflict

2096 words - 8 pages Since the beginning of the Arab-Israeli conflict there have been countless human rights violations committed by both sides, but the majority of violations have been carried out by Israel against the Palestinians. In looking at the conflict, one may believe that every attack has featured a human rights violation, but in order to be able to properly determine what human rights violations are, one must know the history of human rights and how they

Peace solutions for the Arab and Israel conflict.

1994 words - 8 pages political realities of the Middle East (Peres, 2). Since the founding of Israel in 1948, there has been continuous conflict between Israel and the Arab states. Israel's occupation of the Palestinian territories led to the uprising of Arab youth in the West Bank and Gaza, known as the Intifada. For the Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza, the Intifada provided them with a new and assertive Palestinian identity. Israelis were also growing tired of

A chronology of the Arab - Israeli conflict in the 20th Century.

1650 words - 7 pages PALESTINE WAR (1947-49)The first war began as a civil conflict between Palestinian Jews and Arabs following the United Nations recommendation of Nov. 29, 1947, to partition Palestine, then still under British mandate, into an Arab state and a Jewish state. Fighting quickly spread as Arab guerrillas attacked Jewish settlements and communication links to prevent implementation of the UN plan.Jewish forces prevented seizure of most settlements, but

The Arab-Isralie conflict

900 words - 4 pages to get in the country. Since the conflict was solved for a short time, many people started to support Mussilini and Hitler. They were still heavily taxed by the British into a state of poverty.In the 1930's an Islamic fundamentalist group, the Ikhwan al-Qassam, killed two Jews in a bus ambush. This attack set off a rebellion by the Jews and they took out two Palestinians. One Retaliation after another made the British call a state of emergency

Assess the role of the U.S.A and the U.S.S.R in the Arab-Israel conflict between 1948-79.

1025 words - 4 pages the US and the U.S.S.R in the Middle East can be summarized under two broad categories: military and minatory support. In assessing these roles, it can be considered how each superpower contributed to the Arab-Israeli conflict.Military support was one of the most inflammatory roles of the two superpowers in the Arab-Israeli conflict. Throughout the conflict, there was a tendency for the superpowers to court alliances through offers to weaponry

Similar Essays

The Arab Israeli Conflict Essay

1345 words - 5 pages The Arab Israeli conflict has been enduring and is clouded in issues of ethnicity, religion, territory, statehood and economics since King David. Yet despite popular opinion, it would appear the situation is increasingly intractable. This is evidenced by the slow rate of the peace process and that Israel is building a wall around its territories. The Arab Israeli Conflict is complex and there has been a long standing cycle of revenge and the

The Arab Israeli Conflict Essay

3201 words - 13 pages The Arab Israeli Conflict For the past 70 years, there have been many events which are important to study when we consider their impact on today's stalemate between the Palestinians and the Israelis, but two of the most important to examine in great depth is the Creation of Israel in 1948, and the "Six Day War" in 1967. Both events have contributed to the four main barriers to peace, which I will explain towards the

The Arab Israeli Conflict Essay

4551 words - 18 pages any Jew in the world to go and live in Israel in the “Law of Return”, which made matters worse. The Israelis solution to the issue of the refugees is that the Palestinians should be dissolved into the surrounding Arab states as their language, background and religions are very similar. The Palestinians thought otherwise. The large refugee problem contributed largely to the current conflict in that it caused the first sparks

The Arab Israeli Conflict Essay

1664 words - 7 pages The Arab-Israeli conflict has been ongoing for many years and so far a peaceful solution to the violence has not been reached. The 'peace process' aims to find a just, fair and lasting peace solution to the conflict in the Middle East. The USA in particular has been very active in looking for a peace solution. This is because Israel is their ally. There are several million Jews in the USA and many send money to