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The Arab Spring Essay

2132 words - 9 pages

The Disparity between Libya and Algeria in the uprising Arab spring, and what social, political and economical outcomes could incur this?
The Arab Spring, a term that was used to demonstrate a revolutionary wave through validating and opposing. Consequently why both nations reached a discrepancy in the social, political and economics factors specifically in regards to human rights violations, political corruption, and economic decline.
Firstly lets look at Libya’s uprising and how it was pretentious to human rights violations, it began in “February 2011 after security forces in the eastern city of Benghazi opened fire on a protest” (BBC News, 2013). The real question is why did ...view middle of the document...

Thus the country had been split in two parts, with the rebels controlling the east and Gadhafi and his troops occupying the west including the capital city of Tripoli. There had been an interim period for about six months where there had been no gain on either side and due to a “pre-existing geographical tradition of resistance to centralized authority” (Brahimi, 2011) it facilitated the rebels to improve as a plausible force and endure itself for those six months, despite being setbacks by the armed forces. They used this to their advantage and gained training from nations like Britain, France, Italy, Qatar and the UAE allowing them to lay out superior foundation for the act of Tripoli on August 20th 2011 which shows the rebels as victorious and thus had led to the demise of Gadhafi and his regime. Human rights violations are not being dealt and therefore being compromised because unfortunately the National Transitional Council (NTC) an unelected body which exemplified the revolution from its beginning has lacked the adequacy to not only reform security in the months since the last regime’s fall, it also has been helpless in connecting the major division existing in society, thus is incapable of holding perpetrators of human rights accountable (Gaub, 2013). Thus exemplifying hatred and resentment amongst the people for forty odd years of tyranny and dictatorial rule, which brought out violence and hatred for the Gadhafi regime. Likewise pro-Gadhafi forces only vestured human rights violations further by misconducting their behavior towards rape, killings, ethnic cleansing and bombing of civilians.
Secondly lets look at the case of Algeria, and why it proposed a separate viewpoint to that of its Arab counterparts. It does share the same discriminations and social challenges as other countries in the region but Algeria has gone through “four popular movements, (1980, 1988, 2001, and 2011) during the last three decades” (Zeraoui, 2012). All three movements failed but what was significantly different in the last one was the fact that there was “the role of modern communication technologies, and the West’s decision not to support the authoritarian regimes of the region” (Zeraoui, 2012). The region is a volatile region, there are no protests or marches, rallies and demonstrations taking place in the streets of the capital city (Nossiter, 2012). The meeting that took place at the Martyrs square was poorly attended for two reasons: first of all it did not start from a popular outburst; and second, in spite of the presence of the President of the Algerian League for Human Rights, the strong influence of the Rally for Culture and Democracy Party one-sided the objectives of the movement that was not assumed as the voice of the people (Zeraoui, 2012). Thus because Algerian society only lacks confidence in the ruling elite and therefore believe it’s a huge propaganda and decide not to entail in oppression or violence due to political circumstances, yet...

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