This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Archaeological Findings Of Machu Picchu

1486 words - 6 pages

At an elevation of 2,430m above sea level, and situated on a mountain ridge located above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, Machu Picchu or “The Lost City of the Inca’s” as it is more commonly known, lay abandoned for many years, remaining virtually untouched until it’s official discovery in 1911. Lead by a group of locals who frequently visited the site, Machu Picchu was discovered by American archaeologist Hiram Bingham who subsequently began archaeological studies on it. While once thought to be a regular city, Machu Picchu, declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983, is now believed to have been a place for nobility to holiday in during the summer months. While comprising of around 200 buildings it is believed that in peak season there would be roughly 750 people residing in the country retreat, while in the monsoon season there may have only been a population of around 100 people (Morris 1998: The Ancient Cities of the Andes).The findings and excavations made by Hiram Bingham in 1911 gave the archaeological community great insight into the Incan way of life, however, the theft and illegal exportation of artefacts, disrespect to indigenous people and failing to uphold a legal agreement outweighs the knowledge gained. This is evident through the facts that over 5,000 artefacts were removed from Peru with permission from the Peruvian government, and are still currently possessed by Yale University. Upon this, Bingham excavated and illegally smuggled an estimated 500 artefacts from Peru, and upon this Bingham privately purchased a further 1,500 artefacts that were never meant to leave the country from a Peruvian antiquities dealer (Matthews 2005: Peru prepares lawsuit against Yale University to get back Machu Picchu relics). These acts were clear examples of Bingham’s unacceptable behaviour towards the Peruvian people and should never have been allowed to happen.Machu Picchu was a site containing thousands of artefacts that Peruvian archaeologists could have examined, however the chance of this happening was denied after Bingham shipped many of these artefacts to America. One year after Bingham’s discovery of Machu Picchu in 1911, Bingham applied to have artefacts shipped to America and loaned to Yale University. His request was granted under the agreement that artefacts were to be returned upon request of the Peruvian government. In the early 1920’s the Peruvian government requested that some of the artefacts were to be returned from Yale University to become part of an exhibit that the National Museum of Peru. At this point, Yale university returned an estimated 500 artefacts that were either damaged or of little historical importance, but refused to return the further 4,500 artefacts, claiming to have full title of the significant pieces of Peruvian heritage. “Yale considers the collection university property, given the amount of time it has been there," (Luis Guillermo Lumbreras 2006: Peruvian National...

Find Another Essay On The Archaeological Findings of Machu Picchu

Description of the Findings of Hypertension in 2000’s

1125 words - 5 pages Study is: • To describe the different findings about Hypertension in 2000’s. The research questions for this study are: • How was Hypertension treated with different medication and therapy. Review of literature Kingman et al., (2011) studied that Patients with hypertension often initially have symptoms such as shortness of breath, tiredness and dropsy. They discovered that Treprostinil is a safe and effective drug used for the treatment of

The Study and Findings of Climatology in Nepal

1156 words - 5 pages The Study and Findings of Climatology in Nepal In many areas in Nepal, the history of climatology only dates back to 1956. Around this time, the Indian Meteorological Department instituted stations in various areas around the country, which were eventually taken over by the Nepalese government in 1966. Having these stations in place has given scientists significant insight into the Nepalese climate. However, some of the

CHAPTER FOUR: FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE RESEARCH

2820 words - 12 pages 4.0 INTRODUCTION This chapter provides the findings, conclusion and recommendations based on data gathering, analysis, comparison and research conducted regarding the laws regulating fixed-term contract worker in Malaysia and United Kingdom. 4.1 THE FINDING OF RESEARCH 4.1.1 ABSENCE OF STATUTORY DEFINITION The literatures that have been gathered and observed by researchers, scholars from all over the world has succeeded in pointing out that

Causes of the Boudiccan Revolt (references to modern and ancient historians as well as archaeological evidence)

963 words - 4 pages in severe hatred of anything Roman; Financial issues caused by exploitation; and perhaps also food shortages. All these factors are justified by an array of sources that include Ancient writers ( Tacitus and Dio Cassius), Modern Writers (Todd, Burn and Allason-Jones) and plenty of archaeological evidence which will be mentioned later.Perhaps the rape of Boudicca's daughter and the flogging of Boudicca herself were major contributing factors but

The Effect of the Social Context of Scientific Work on the Methods and Findings of Science

930 words - 4 pages The Effect of the Social Context of Scientific Work on the Methods and Findings of Science The world society is in a constant state of fluidity regarding everything from social customs and slang to technology and inventions. With even more abundance, scientific understanding and questioning evolve as time progresses. As the human race changes and grows, scientific knowledge of the world and universe must expand to

What does the archaeological evidence of Tutankhamen's Tomb reveal about the burial practices of Pharaohs in the New Kingdom Egypt?

2204 words - 9 pages What does the archaeological evidence of Tutankhamen's Tomb reveal about the burial practices of Pharaohs in the New Kingdom Egypt?Tutankhamen's Tomb being one of the most intact monuments of Ancient Egypt can reveal a great deal about the burial practices and beliefs of New Kingdom Egypt. Through an understanding of New Kingdom beliefs, analysis of the archaeological content of King Tutankhamen's tomb and through comparing and contrasting the

Research Findings of Both the Benefits and Limitations of DAP Testing

1401 words - 6 pages Research Findings of Both Benefits and Limitations of DAP Testing This paper focuses on research information of Draw A Person (DAP) testing in both its original form of Children’s Human Figure Drawing created by Florence Goodenough, it’s limitations, and it’s current form of function as DAP testing of today. DAP is typically used to identify cognitive strengths and limitations among primary aged youth through the evaluation of the drawn human

Review of the findings of the joint parliamentary Standing Committee on Family and Community Affairs in their inquiry into child custody issues of Australia

1188 words - 5 pages In June 2003, a joint parliamentary Standing Committee on Family and Community Affairs was commissioned by the Prime Minister to conduct an inquiry into child custody issues and the child support formula. The committee presented its report on the 29th of December 2003 along with its recommendations for reform of the Family Law Act 1975. The focus of this report will be on an evaluation of the existing law and the recommendations provided by the

Machu Picchu Research Paper

775 words - 4 pages Hidden deep in the tropical forest of Peru, Machu Picchu is 7000 feet above sea-level. The site lies against the Andean Mountain Range, with the incredible city above whereas the Urubamba valley is below. Machu Picchu was built in 15th century, stretches 5 miles across with at least 3000 stepping stones linking the city together, as a result of Inca’s civilization. However, it was conquered by the Spaniards in the 16th century and abandoned

Machu Picchu

847 words - 4 pages Machu Picchu is a pre Columbian Inca site located in Peru and was built in 1438 (Boundless 1). Machu Picchu was invaded by the Spanish and was seen as a small and insignificant site (Sayre 261). However, the site was very momentous and meant a lot to those within the Inca Culture. Within the Inca Culture, the Manchu Picchu is mainly used for ceremonies and was a place where residences resided. The site mainly consisted of women, their children

Personal project

2178 words - 9 pages technology of the ancient Rome and learn about the Roman history while wandering around the Colosseum with a tour guide. The visitors are also permitted to access the underground chambers and the third tier of the Colosseum in 2011; therefore the visitors can see the secrets of the Ancient Rome. However, these areas may be visited only with a guided tour. Machu Pichuu is one of the most well known archaeological site in the world, known as the

Similar Essays

Machu Picchu; The City In The Clouds

977 words - 4 pages The discoverers of Machu Picchu were not even looking for Machu Picchu. They were hunting down Vilcabamba, the last homeland of the Inca. They, ironically, were discouraged to discover that Vilcabamba was not the city they had found. No, they had found something much greater. This ‘wonder of the world’ was a great achievement for the Inca. After centuries, Machu Picchu was forgotten and hidden away in the clouds. Today, Machu Picchu is a

One Of The Seven Modern Wonders Of The World, Machu Picchu

2203 words - 9 pages Picchu remained hidden away from the rest of the world until 1911 when an 11-year-old native boy led an American professor named Hiram Bingham to the site. Bingham went on to write a book about his findings called, “The Lost City of the Incas”. (Destination: Machu Picchu) What measures have the Peruvian government taken to preserve their largest source of revenue? Machu Picchu became a popular tourist site in the 195’s/1960’s. People

The Archaeological Importance Of The Study Of Pottery

1666 words - 7 pages The discipline of archaeology is by no means a simple nor singular study of the past. Due to the wide range of evidence within the archaeological record, from organic to inorganic, many different methods and approaches are taken in order to deal with the wide spectrum of differing evidence. Nevertheless, the study of pottery is without doubt one of the most important tasks taken on by any archaeologist. A great wealth of information can be

Appraisal Of The Findings Of A Qualitative Study

831 words - 4 pages study was also noted, describing the demographics of the location: “rural settings, a small city, and small towns.” The article also addressed the general benefit of implementing the AMCVR, and its ability to aid in the prevention of cardiovascular disease. 6. What where the main findings of the study? The main findings of the study included that the major barrier to implementation is the lack of putting guidelines into practice. Researchers also