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The Architectural Evolution Of The Greek Temple The Rise Of Greek Civilization Positively Influenced Greek Architecture

943 words - 4 pages

Following the final Ice Age in Continental Europe, with the appearance of modern anatomical humans, the evolution of architecture gradually surfaced. With the initial appearance of farmers, the population of Greece slowly increased allowing a sense of community to prosper. Following the movement of newcomers, between 7000-3000 BC, the number of sites substantially increased. This includes the progressive development of houses, temples, theatres, and stadia, which exemplify some of the most distinct buildings in the Ancient World. In specific, the temple is a independent creation, which not only offered the Greeks a connection to their divine, but also represented their culture. The Greeks ...view middle of the document...

During the Middle Bronze Age, the mansion at the Menelaion was built, which consisted of two stories and embodied a megaron core. The megaron feature carries forward to later periods, used in temples. Most of the sites were destroyed in Late Bronze Age and the population of Greece significantly dropped forcing The Bronze Age era to come to an end. Following the Bronze Age, the Dark Age was introduced between 1100-900 BC. This was a time of survival and funerary relief as the population drastically fell due to recession and poverty. No real innovations took place, only through basic vase painting and figurines.
Succeeding the Dark Ages, was a time of art, known as the Geometric Period, dating to 900-700 BC. Even though little physical evidence proves architectural development due to the consistent usage of perishable materials such as wood and mud. It was during this period, a house for the representation of the god became necessary where cult practices could take place and votive offerings could be given to a divine. Ancient Greek architecture is heavily weighted on the formation of its temples. To date, most have fallen to ruins but some are still intact to this day. These of which have become distinct features of towns and cities from antiquity onward. The significance in designing a temple came from the development of order and the desire for “simplicity, proportion, perspective and harmony” (Taylor, 1971: page 59). Possessing these characteristics greatly influenced the Roman architects in their work and the foundation for classical architectural orders, which would lead the western world from the Renaissance onward.
Early forms of architecture came in a variety of shapes including apsidal, rectangular, square, and oval. Two models found, one from Perachora, and another from Argive Heraion are used to restore the framework of actual temples that seize to exist today due to their perishable construction. The model from Perachora suggests a simple horse shaped...

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