The Architectural Movement In The Twentieth Century

1086 words - 4 pages

IntroductionAt its highest quality of design and creativity, architecture becomes a form of passion, an idea from the concepts of art and science. Architecture is an approach of an architect's thoughts, emotions, values & beliefs creating innovations & inspirations. (The Resident Architect, 2010) Concepts build to reality tells out a story, acts out events held that connects mankind bringing a community and life of the past, present and future. (Woods, 2007)2.0 The architectural movement in the twentieth centuryIn the twentieth century, the transition of the architectural styles from one another reflects the art, cultures, technology and the people. Fragments & frictions of the transition in the architectural movement from Art Nouveau to Post-Modernism show the beautiful world of architecture in this time period.2.1 Art Nouveau & Art DecoArt Nouveau was the first stage of modern architecture in the 1890's with the name originated from a shop in Paris in 1895. Known as a field of decorative design, this style particularly used iron and glass for ornamental designs which later used for structural designs with decorative characters, curved lines, organic & geometric patterns.(Wolf, n.d) However, Art Nouveau was short lived for the style ended by the outbreak of World War 1 in 1914 which outburst the style of Art Deco in the 1920's. (Howarth, 1990) The style lived as a simplified appearance of classical architecture that portrait the future with a geometric, sleek & dramatic essence. In addition to the presence of jazzy patterns, Art Deco was also known as Jazz Moderne. Designed in zig zag & cubic forms using chrome or plastic ornamentation it was objectively used for commercial reasons in movie theatres, fashion shops & hotels. (Craven, n.d)2.2 Expressionism & BrutalismSoon after World War 1, Expressionism was the next transition that expressed the architect's thoughts & emotions by emphasizing sculpture than architecture. Expressionist buildings are widely found in North Germany, Scandivania & Netherlands designed with movement, brickwork build decoratively, towers with spikes, curving roofs & living the building tradition of zig zag ornamentation. (Howarth, 1990) This European art movement ended in 1925 with Vincent Van Gogh as the antecedent. (Gympel, 1996) On the other hand, Brutalism architecture lived in the late 60's and 70's that stressed on the use of concrete that created rough surfaced buildings using cement, stones & bricks. (Howarth, 1990) It was dominantly leaded by British architects that challenged the boundaries of structuring concrete that still retained function & form. With an easy level to build, the style did not highlight the use of glass & steel frames. In the period of Architecture, the style remains undervalued and misunderstood as it was the best and worst part of representing Modernism that indicated simplicity as well as complexity. (Abdullah, 2001)2.3 Bauhaus...

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