The Architecture Of Cyberspace Essay

1177 words - 5 pages

The word architecture has many different connotations including the construction of buildings and the planning or engineering of parts to make up a structural composition. In relation to computers, it is the style and fundamental groundwork, allowing people on a mass scale to communicate globally with one another via protocols; a universal programming language, interconnecting an infrastructure of networks (AKA the Internet to you and me). There are many components of website architecture; Internet service providers, Web browsers/URLS, Web hosting services, domain names, proxy servers, and even the World Wide Web. I will endeavour to discuss these principles.

Many people are surprised when they realise the Internet and World Wide Web are not synonymous. The role of the World Wide Web is a key phase of the architectural formation of the web in itself: a system of hypertext coding accessed via the Internet. The coding is crucial in permitting millions of computers to interlink and share their knowledge. Without the coding, or mark-up language as its technically known, web functionality would be nonexistent. It is a model or skeleton built as an upper layer of the Internet. HTTP (hypertext transfer protocol) is the most common language spoken over the Internet. However, this is only one of the many programming languages used to transmit data. Others include JSON (Java Script Object Notation) used to transmit more structured data between connections as an alternative to XML (Extensible Mark-up Language): a set of regulations enabling computers to speak to one another, both in written or verbal format across the Internet or similar local connections. The Transmission Control Protocol or Internet Protocol (abbreviated to TCP/IP) were the first protocols or code which modern days protocols evolved from to make the World Wide Web boom to the mighty global data base it is today. They are divided into four layers, starting with the link layer; leading to the Internet layer; the transport layer and finally the application layer. Each name represents loosely the operation of the layer; they are all problem-solving mechanisms to make the World Wide Web a piece of admired architecture. I am in favour of the integration of cloud computing I think it will cultivate a more virtualised outlook to our lives. It will encourage self-management and has already had some positive feedback in America.

A second important component of web architecture is a web browser. A programme installed on your computer so you can retrieve present and view online documents or WebPages. The most widely used browsers are Internet Explorer and Firefox. Without a web browser, windows couldn’t connect to the Internet - accessing a wealth of online resources. In general, the most up-to-date browsers are easy to navigate and will allow audio, graphics, and other multimedia content to be viewed. The process begins when a surfer types a URL a uniform resource locator in to the browser...

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