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The Argument Analysis

803 words - 4 pages

In “Science and Technology in World Agriculture: Narratives and Discourses,” Pasquale Lucio Scandizzo persuades the experts in biotechnology that the World Bank can create a balance between conservative and radical parties. In order to reinforce his stance, Scandizzo uses various forms of evidence: the narratives of both parties, the description the ecological problems, and the World Development Report.
Scandizzo uses a description of the narratives of both conservative and radical parties to establish common ground amongst readers. This evidence is important because he realizes that his readers might come from either one of those parties. Therefore, Scandizzo creates a balance by equally providing evidence of narratives from conservative and radical parties. Providing a balanced narrative for both views effectively shows readers that Scandizzo values the neutral position between two opposing views. This is important to successfully gain attention from both types of readers to continue listening to what Scandizzo is saying. In telling the evidence of narratives from both sides, Scandizzo is more concerned with discussing both sides’ achievements in increasing the yield in agriculture. This is effective because it creates a dynamic in readers’ minds: Scandizzo can first boost readers’ confidence about their belief and, in turn, makes readers consider the achievements of the opposite parties, thus successfully establishing common ground. Before Scandizzo describes the contrasting narrative, he first establishes with his readers the same understanding about the “rhetorical nature” of narrative (408). This is effective because he correctly assumes that his readers have opposing views about agriculture, thus having a different understanding about the nature of narratives. This assumption does not really support the evidence to establish common ground. Yet, it helps readers to better understand the nature and impact of contrasting narratives in agriculture.
After establishing common ground, Scandizzo unites both conservative and radical parties by using the evidence of the ecological problem caused by current agricultural practices. Scandizzo correctly assumes that readers, either conservative or radical, share the same value with him, which is maintaining the sustainability of the environment. Therefore, describing ecological problems to both sets of readers effectively raises their empathies and calms the emotion from both contradicting views. Furthermore, this evidence will make readers from both views focus more on their similarities rather than conflicting perspectives, thus effectively uniting both parties. Scandizzo argues that the unsustainable environment occurs because agriculture...

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