Every year millions of individuals seek to immigrate to the Unites States and with good reason, to receive opportunities they would not be able to obtain in their homeland. Like many of our ancestors that immigrated to the United States to experience and live the “American Dream” so do the millions that wish to immigrate to the United States. In our modern day political system for those wishing to immigrate, it is nearly impossible because of the hurdles our government has set up. In Craig Biddles article “Immigration and Individual Rights” from Capitalism Magazine his main claim states that, “This prohibition, however, is un-American and immoral. The basic principle of America–the principle of individual rights–demands a policy of open immigration…Such a policy is not only politically right; it is morally right. ” (Biddle)
Biddle strengthens his argument by using the three rhetorical appeals ethos, pathos and logos. Craig Biddle establishes his credibility, or ethos, by being the “editor of The Objective Standard and the author of Loving Life: The Morality of Self-Interest and the Facts that Support It, a highly concretized, systematic introduction to Ayn Rand’s ethics.” (“Craig Biddle”) Another way Biddle establishes his ethos is “In addition to writing, he lectures and teaches seminars at universities across the country, including Stanford, Duke, Tufts, UVA, UCLA, UW–Madison, and NYU and regularly lectures at Objectivist conferences as well.” (“Craig Biddle”) Logos in his argument one can see through his stating of facts and explanations.
Biddle utilizes the appeal of logos by stating facts as in “Immigration is the act of moving to a country with the intention of remaining there.” (Biddle) Alternatively another use of logos we see Biddle states his philosophy of open immigration, which means, “that not anyone may enter the country at any location or in any manner he chooses; it is not unchecked or unmonitored immigration. Open immigration means that anyone is free to enter and reside in America–providing that he enters at a designated checkpoint and passes an objective screening process, the purpose of which is to keep out criminals, enemies of America, and people with contagious diseases.” (Biddle) The reason he believes this policy of open immigration is not just politically correct but morally correct is because man lives by means of reason, by acting on his rational judgment. Biddle says for a man to live; man must observe facts, identify causal relationships, use logic, and form principles about what is good and bad for his life, and act on his best judgment. (Biddle) Biddle uses famous quotes and references to individuals who contributed to the building of America to establish pathos in his argument.
Biddle uses pathos in his argument by using a patriotic approach from a quote of George Washington. In 1783 George Washington said, “ The bosom of America is open to receive not only the Opulent and respectable Stranger, but...