The Argument Of The Bourgeoisie Vs. The Working Class In Marx's "The Communist Manifesto"

1089 words - 4 pages

An Inevitable OutcomePublished in the time of European revolution, the "Communist Manifesto" was considered the bible of socialism. This essay was written by Karl Marx, one of the most influential thinkers and writers of modern times as a cry for all those, who favor a communist world, to stand up and unite. The "Communist Manifesto" was published in 1848 and clearly explained the theories behind socialism. Marx argued that the society created by the bourgeoisie is so powerful and out of control that it can no longer be managed, ultimately leading to the overthrow of the ruling bourgeoisie society and the beginning of the proletariat society.With the rise of modern history, society was split. In the time of Marx, self interest began to take over the community and the proletariat population was being greatly exploited due to the rise of production. Industry was taking over as the road to happiness for many people; to be successful was to be richer. The proletariat, the oppressed working class, was controlled by the bourgeoisie and used for industrial production. They had no means of production of their own and were reduced to selling their labor power in order to live. As the bourgeoisie's economic conditions improved, the proletariat's economic conditions deteriorated. Marx presents many criticisms of the bourgeoisie. He states that due to the oppression, the community's soul is lost; everyone loses their identity in becoming a worker, eliminating the unique professions of lawyers, poets, or artists. People begin to lose their family relations, feeling compelled to conform and attempt to move up in society. Everyone learns to look out only for the good of themselves. However, Marx believed that the bourgeoisie were their own gravediggers. As they became more and more powerful, the proletariat became weaker and weaker, eventually leading them to revolt. He said that the oppressed would overthrow the oppressive; it was inevitable. "Just as the bourgeoisie had triumphed over the feudal aristocracy, Marx predicted that the proletariat would conquer the bourgeoisie in a violent revolution" (McKay, 765). As a small group grew richer, more and more became poor, causing the proletariat to grow greatly in size. It became clear to everyone that "society can no longer live under this bourgeoisie, in other words, its existence is no longer compatible with society." (93)According to Marx, four stages of human development exist. In the beginning of social development, there is slavery where political and social freedoms are non-existent. The second stage of development, known as feudalism, is a system, in which freedom becomes slightly more obtainable, yet a lord or vassal who oversees all rules. The third, and most controversial of stages, is known as capitalism. Marx saw capitalism as the worst stage of human and social development, for its foundation lay in the oppression of the working class. He argued that capitalism breeds competition and individual...

Find Another Essay On The argument of the bourgeoisie vs. the working class in Marx's "The Communist Manifesto"

Class Struggle and the Communist Manifesto

1544 words - 6 pages Class Struggle and the Communist Manifesto The Communist Manifesto is profoundly marked by the history of class struggle and social inequality throughout history. In fact Marx suggests that history is in essence merely a timeline of class struggle, unchanging apart from the alteration in mode of production. The document is the story of the conflict between the Proletariat and the Bourgeois, the oppressed and the oppressor, the

Comparing Lenin vs. Marx by mundeazy. Lenin's views were heavily influenced by Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto.

727 words - 3 pages Lenin's views were heavily influenced by Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto. Lenin along with his close friend, Leonid Trotsky, took key theories from Marx's writing and adapted them to help revolutionize Russia. The Bolsheviks principles were a mold of Marx, filled with the toughness of Lenin. By manipulating these theories he changed Russia, the ideology, and power.Lenin's close friend Leonid Trotsky was a very important part in the Russian

Summary Of The Communist Manifesto

523 words - 2 pages , "the fight against the bourgeoisie itself may immediately begin" (232).Karl Marx ends this work with a call to arms for all working class people. He threatens the current ruling class with a Communist revolution. He makes clear the insubordinate intentions towards the current governments of the world. The Communist Manifesto is ended with an inspirational battle cry "Working men of all countries unite!" (232).

The Communist Manifesto

1163 words - 5 pages producers and in-person servers. (Reich, p.1) In “The Communist Manifesto” Marx claimed that conditions of existence and prosperity of bourgeoisie ultimately will be directed toward destruction of bourgeoisie as a class. (Marx, p.34-35) These essential conditions create set of destructive consequences for bourgeoisie. Marx highlighted that property relations, expansion of production and trade induced by constant revolutionizing of production which

The Communist Manifesto

677 words - 3 pages The Communist Manifesto      Marx describes the problem in great detail in the first chapter. He feels there is a problem between the bourgeoisie and the proletarians. The bourgeoisie were the oppressed class before the French Revolution and he argues that they are now the oppressors. The proletarians are the new working class, which works in the large factory and industries. He says that through mass industry they

The Manifesto of the Communist Party

1603 words - 6 pages for the enlightenment of the working class.” These divisions questioned all aspects of society, rather than just the concerns of one particular group. Marx’s final section of the “Manifesto of the Communist Party” regards the positions of the communist party as compared to the other existing political parties. The stance of the communists is seen to differ in various countries based on development and issues facing the nation

The Bourgeoisie

1961 words - 8 pages .  The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains,” reveal a common thread between Marx and Rousseau (Marx 128).  Both believe in a tipping point of class struggle between the proletariat and bourgeoisie.  Marx believes that the capitalist bourgeoisie will exploit the working class only so long before they rebel, and Rousseau shares the belief in his state of war, during which he claims that the rich will be afraid of the poor due to their

The Individual and Society in the Communist Manifesto

1883 words - 8 pages The Individual and Society in the Communist Manifesto The end of 19th century, Western Society was changing physically, philosophically, economically, and politically. It was an influential and critical time in that the Industrial Revolution created a new class. Many contemporary observers realized the dramatic changes in society. Among these were Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels who observed the conditions of the working man, or the

The Ideas of Karl Marx and The Communist Manifesto

2025 words - 8 pages The Ideas of Karl Marx and The Communist Manifesto It has been shown by many historians, scientists, and psychologists that people are affected by the world around them. This is exactly what caused Karl Marx to write his Communist Manifesto. The living conditions of the working class-his proletariat, as well as that of the bourgeoisie (the upper class) must have had a profound effect on his views and ideals. In France the

Society at the Time of the Communist Manifesto

1554 words - 6 pages Society at the Time of the Communist Manifesto Much was going on in society at the time the Communist Manifesto was written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Society was undergoing many changes and issues, and many events took place as a result of this. To many people in England it seemed that the middle class was taking control—and Marx and Engels agreed

Religion at the time of the Communist Manifesto

1242 words - 5 pages Religion at the time of the Communist Manifesto Following the Industrial Revolution in 19th century Europe, change was in full swing and religion began to have different meanings for different people. The upper-class citizens used Religion, namely Christianity, and the power that it possessed in an attempt to keep their high status in society, while the lower class turned to faith so that their lives could possibly improve

Similar Essays

Proletariat Vs. Bourgeoisie In Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto

1196 words - 5 pages Proletariat vs. Bourgeoisie in Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto In The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels attempt to explain the reasons for why there is class struggle and suggest how to prevent class separation. According to Marx there are two different types of social classes: the bourgeoisies and the proletarians. The bourgeoisie are capitalists who own the means of production and the proletarians are

Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto Essay

1301 words - 5 pages Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto The Communist Manifesto written by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels formulates the basic concepts of Communism. Faith and reason can be used to explain parts of this document. The Communist Manifesto has definite views dealing with faith, and along with this, religion. In the Manifesto, Marx states that religion is not needed in Communism because a society under Communism is classless. Marx uses

The Revolution Of 1848 And Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto

1612 words - 6 pages looming over Europe, and that countries would begin to see that communism is a way to help countries. Marx believed that many countries in Europe would begin to support his ideas. The second part of the Manifesto states that the communist are allies to the proletariat party. Marx says this because the proletariats are the working class people, the people who he was trying to promote. Marx felt that working class people should have

Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto And The Industrial Proletariat

1408 words - 6 pages Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto and the Industrial Proletariat Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto was most appealing to and revolutionary for the industrial workers of 1848 (and those to come after that time). The call for unification of the proletariat and abolishment of the Bourgeoisie was an urgent one during a time of rapid progress in all aspects of industrial life. This urgency of The Communist Manifesto and the desire for change of