You have heard of “ Martin Luther King Day,” or “Columbus Day,” but have you ever heard of “National Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day?” This lesser known genocide was a precursor to the Holocaust. It started on April 24, 1915 and lasted up until 1923. It was calculated that over one and a half million Armenians died during this period of time. This genocide was planned out by the Turkish government, against all the Armenians of the Ottoman Empire. In the beginning there were around 2 million Armenians in the Ottoman Empire, and by the end of the 1923 there were around 388,000 were left. Whether a front-line soldier or pregnant woman, famous professor or high bishop, important businessman or ardent patriot; all 2,000,000 of them. It seemed to have died out around the end of the war in 1918, but soon continued back up in 1920.
The Armenians were an Indo-european group who are one of the world’s oldest civilizations,whose main religion(s) were Orthodox or Roman Catholic. They have an olive to dark complexion and have brown or black hair. They were an agricultural group of people who were subject to one of the worst disasters of WWI, and the first genocide of the 20th century. They lived in Armenia, which is now Northeastern Turkey.Armenia Map They are known for their art style, carpets, and architecture. They were a group that has always been overtaken by others, some being, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Persians and finally the Ottoman Turks. Armenian People
The ones truly behind this was a group of were the “Young Turks.” A Turkish nationalist reform party that wanted total monarchy. They came into power when they started a revolution in 1908 and the Committee of Union and Progress took their ideas and put them into the Ottoman Empire until 1918. Them taking over gave the people of Turkey a sense of nationalism and pride, and they believed that the Armenian people were getting in their way of expanding to new “Turkish” lands. The way they ran the country was poor; the economy dropped and many people fell into poverty. In the end, not knowing what to do, they blamed the Armenian people.
The reason this genocide started was out of anger, religious reasons, prejudice and jealousy. The Turkish government had been trying to oppress the Armenians for quite some time. They made them pay higher taxes, and have little political and legal rights, but somehow the Armenians always had a better education and were richer. The Turkish government, of course, didn’t like this one bit. They decided to create a perfect race, like Hitler attempts later. According to them, the diversity of Turkey was growing too large, and it needed to end. The first signs of Turkey attacking them were in 1894-1896 when Armenian nationalists were rising, and the Young Turks slaughtered thousands. Another massacre started on the first of April through the 14th of 1909; by,again, the Young Turks organization, and around 30,000 were killed. At this time there were around 40,000...