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The Assassination Of Franz Ferdinand Essay

1395 words - 6 pages

In June 28, 1914, countries still searched for the power that was seen during the age of imperialism, but how can anyone conquer a nation that is already civilized?To that the answer is war. A war that can cause one's boundary lines to increase and bring pride to one's country. War is the answer, but how does one start a war? At the time of the death of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand the world was at the fringe of war. Nations searched for a reason to regain honor and to test their military capability. All the strain that was within and between countries with nationalism, the arms' race, and civil strife accumulated. Until finally an event which at first was only between two nations lead to war, but not just any war, this was World War I. This event occurred in Bosnia, Sarajevo where Archduke Franz Ferdinand of the Austria-Hungary Empire was assassinated . Franz Ferdinand's death ensued the start of World War I which laid the foundation of how future wars would be fought, and later to the end of the Austria-Hungary Empire.
Franz Ferdinand ,heir to the throne of the Austria-Hungary Empire, was assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a member of the Black Hand. The Black Hand,an a Serbian nationalist group, believed that with the death of Ferdinand then the monarchy might give up territories that were lost in the Balkan Wars (Good Year), in order to achieve a Greater Serbia(Princip). However, the Black Hand's motives were never met. Instead all that the Black Hand received was the imprisonment of Gavrilo Princip, whom was too young be sentenced to the death penalty (Good Year).
The assassination of Franz Ferdinand was the last straw that broke the camel's back and opened Pandora’s box. Beginning a prolong war dating back to the Balkan Wars, a series of short wars fought for European Territory of the Ottoman Empire during 1912 and 1913 (Balkan Wars) that ended in dissatisfaction of Bulgaria and Turkey and an alarmed Austria-Hungary to crush Serbia (Balkan War). Serbia was the country that was more affected by the Balkan Wars since it was held back from becoming a Greater Serbia by not gaining outlet to Adriatic Sea and unable to annex Albania and parts of Austria-Hungary (Balkan War). The Balkan Wars prepared the way for WWI by depriving Serbia of its dream of becoming an important nation (Balkan Wars) .
Archduke Ferdinand's death sparked a catalyst of treaties that began WWI. The treaties began with an ultimatum that Austria-Hungary gave to Serbia to bring the assassin to justice, but since this violated Serbian sovereign; Serbia rejected the ultimatum (Levinson 159). Yet, Austria-Hungary expected Serbia to reject the terms of the ultimatum with the intention of giving them an excuse of a war with Serbia (Levinson 158). However, Serbia had Slavic ties with Russia that made Austria-Hungary make a treaty with Germany in case of the interference of Russia (Levinson 159). Leading to a chain reaction among nations since all the...

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