Abraham Lincoln was the sixteenth president of the United States of America. Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, and died on April 15, 1865. As a young child, Abraham lived in a log cabin in Illinois. Around the age of twelve he began working, wielding an ax, building fences, and cutting wood. Later, Abraham Lincoln married a woman named Mary Todd; together they had four children. Lincoln started his presidency on March 18, 1861, but his term was cut short on April 14, 1865, by the assassin John Wilkes Booth (Abraham).
John Wilkes Booth was born on May 10, 1838, and lived in Maryland. Booth was the eighth of ten children living in his home in the northern part of Maryland. John Wilkes Booth was executed on April 26, 1865, for the act of treason against the United States of America for assassinating President Abraham Lincoln (John).
While Lincoln was serving in the 1860’s, a war broke out between the North and South, also known as the Civil War. This war started over control of nations, but later turned into an argument of slavery. President Lincoln was a strong believer in giving everyone the right to freedom. In a letter addressed to H.L. Pierce, President Lincoln stated, “Those who deny freedom to others deserve it not for themselves” (Letter). As a result of the Civil War, a preliminary proclamation draft was issued on September 22. This proclamation warned the Confederate states that if they did not return to the union by January 1, 1863, he would issue another proclamation stating the people being enslaved in those states would be considered “forever free” (Death). Lincoln considered the ideas as a war measure; the Civil War would cripple the Confederacy. Lincoln assumed that if the slaves in the states in the South were proclaimed free, then the Confederacy could no longer use those slaves as laborers to support the army in battle thus hindering the effectiveness of the Confederate War. This saved the Union, freed the slaves, and allowed African Americans to join the forces to fight against slavery (Emancipation). The Emancipation Proclamation paved the way for the Thirteenth Amendment which was passed on January 1, 1865, and ratified on December 6, 1865, officially abolishing slavery, which began in Virginia in 1619. The Thirteenth Amendment states, “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude except as punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, nor any place subject to their jurisdiction” (Amendment).
Because of the controversy over slavery, President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth. The president was on his way to see the comedy Our American Cousin at Fords Theater with General Grant and his wife. Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton, begged the president not to attend the comedy. Disregarding Stanton’s plea for him to stay home in case of an attempted assassination, Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln arrived at Fords Theater a little late and...