The Atlantic Slave Trade
Did you know that the African were tricked into slavery? They would cry out to each other in a quiet voice to say “We raise the wheat they give us the corn; we bake the bread, they give us the crust; we peel the meat, they give us the skin, and that’s the way they takes us in.” The Atlantic Slave Trade known as the Middle passage which was the heart of slavery. The slave trade took place between the 1500s through the 1800s across the Atlantic Ocean. During this time the European slave traders bought African slaves, kings, queens and merchants. The Africans suffered negative consequences of the slave trade which affected them emotionally, physically and tore many families and communities apart. It is estimated that the Atlantic Slave Trade brought more than six hundred thousand Africans to the 13 British colonies from the 1700 to 1775, in the worst conditions any persons can imagine.
To begin, the Atlantic Slave Trade was really negative on the lives of Africans. Before the invasion of Europeans, Africa had thousands of languages and their names all meant something. Africa was first own by a black man. It was known as the Gold Coast, the Ivory Coast, the Grain Coast and soon Slave Coast, during the 1500s. The Europeans first entered Africa to trade for gold, then for slaves, at that point this is when the face of Africa changed.
For over 300 years, slaves were captured along the west coast of Africa, often with the help of African kings and merchants. Slaves were traded for beads, textiles, brandy, horses, and guns. When the Europeans arrived the African kings and queens were helping the slaves get on the boat, because they thought the Europeans wanted to borrow the slaves not them. As soon as all the slaves were abroad the ship the kings and queens turned around to head back home, but the guards ran after them to say “you are going to”. Sadly, the kings and queens felt betrayed.
During the transferring of the slaves the conditions on the ship were horrible. They crammed as much as seven hundred slaves at the bottom of the ship, which for some slaves was too much because they were on top of waste, organic matter, and feces. There are two ways for the captains to load their boats with slaves. One system is called loose packing to deliver slaves. Under this system, captains transported fewer slaves than their ships could carry in order to reduce the disease and deaths among them. The other system is the cruelest one and is called tight packing. This system was based on the fact that the more slaves they had, the more profit they could make. In the ship's hold, the slaves were chained ankle to wrist, with barely any place to move. In the worst case, the captains did not provide any kinds of hygiene. Suicide attempts occurred daily and in painfully cruel ways. Slaves tried jumping overboard and even asked others to strangle them.
Food was a very big problem for the slaves and the captains. The captains often thought that...