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The Atomic Bomb Essay

830 words - 4 pages

The Atomic Bomb "Nuclear Energy" Do you know what nuclear weapons are? People prior to the 1930's never stopped to consider the importance of nuclear weapons. Neither did the US until the 1930's, when they entered the race to build the first nuclear weapon. The US Entered the race in 1938 right after the discovery of nuclear fission. There was a great importance for entering the race. Hitler had had rein over Germany since 1933. The US was afraid Hitler would use his power and his nuclear knowledge to threaten the US The answer to this fear was the Manhattan Project (Beyer 22). The Manhattan Project is were most of the research and construction ?the first atomic ...view middle of the document...

Fermi gave this figure the name "Pile". The first atomic pile was built on November 16,1942. It was built in an unused and unheated doubles squash quart beneath a football stadium; Stagg Field on the University of Chicago campus. The first atomic pile was not in an ideal place. The physicist were afraid to conduct such a large physics experiment in the heart of such a large city (Beyer 33). The test of the first atomic bomb was called Trinity. The test sight was a barren twenty-four by seventeen - mile chunk of the Alamogordo Bombing And Gunnery Range in New Mexico. The sight was called Ground Zero. There the scientist built a one hundred foot tall tower, atop which was a galvanized iron shed. This was to keep the bomb off of the desert floor. It would prevent too much sand from being sucked up in the air, by the explosion, creating radioactive debris that would fall to earth (Blow 72). Only fifteen seconds after the detonation a soon to be familiar mushroom cloud that reached heights of 40,000 feet, took shape in the air. This blast was equivalent to 20,000 tons of TNT (BLOW 85). The blast reduced the one hundred foot tall tower to mere fragments protruding from the ground (BLOW 86). The heat from the explosion was so great...

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