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The Atomic Bomb: Necessary And Just. This Essay Delves Into Justifications For The Use Of Atomic Weaponry During The Second World War.

1533 words - 6 pages

Many questions lie within the history of the United States of America. Was there a second gunman involved in the assassination of JFK? Did we really go to the moon? Who really framed Roger Rabbit? All of these questions, valid or not, can be proven by facts and logistics. One of the harder, philosophical questions we must ask, however, is the use of the Atomic Bomb during World War II. True, there are many facts to bolster each side of this debate, but the true quandary lies in the morality of the situation. Was the use of an Atomic weapon morally justified? Was the use of this weapon even necessary to complete any objectives behind using it? It is easy to look back and say that Japan was already a beaten nation, and to therefore ask was there any justification for the use of the Atom Bomb to kill so many civilians? But beaten and defeated seem to be two very different terms in the Japanese culture. They would have continued to fight until every last person on the island was deceased. 1 Therefore, I assert that the Atom Bomb was not only necessary to end the war in the Pacific, but also to save many innocent lives. There are justifications for both the negative side, which says the bomb was not needed to end WWII, and the affirmative side which holds with the validity of our actions at Hiroshima and Nagasaki.On April 12th, 1945, Franklin D. Roosevelt complained of a "terrific headache" and died two hours later from severe cerebral hemorrhage. Harry S. Truman was sworn in later that night to a small group of spectators. The Atomic Bomb's initial purpose was to counteract any German bomb produced. Truman was informed on May 7th, 1945 that Germany had surrendered.8 With Germany out of the war, you would think that the Manhattan Project would at least slow down or even disappear. "I don't think that there was any time when we worked harder at the speedup than in the period after the German surrender", claims Los Alamos director J. Robert Oppenheimer.Roughly two months later, the first Atomic Bomb was detonated in New Mexico on July 16th. It was reported as a spectacular success. Would Truman use this weapon of mass destruction to end the war in the Pacific? Roosevelt's last known words about the Atomic Bomb were that, "the bomb would be used against both Germany and Japan if necessary. But first the weapon would be demonstrated, and an ultimatum issued.9"The Potsdam Proclamation, which demanded the unconditional surrender of Japan, was rejected by the Japanese because it made no mention of Japan's central surrender condition: the status of the emperor. In Japan, the Emperor was viewed as a God. The Japanese were not going to let anything happen to the Emperor, even if it meant that they would fight to the death. "Millions of Japanese, including civilians, still could not conceive of any end to the war other than victory or death. Just before the Emperor's speech telling his people to accept defeat, Tokyo shop keepers sharpened knives, expecting an...

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