The Atomic Bombings Of Hiroshima And Nagasaki

2074 words - 9 pages

Did the atomic bomb have to be used in World War II on Japan? There were multiple reasons why the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were necessary. One of which is to reduce the chance of Allied casualties if the war continued. Another reason was to prohibit the possibility that an Axis country such as Nazi Germany, could create an atomic weapon. A third reason or is whether or not the use of atomic weapons on innocent people was worth the media backlash. A final reason is that the work the Americans and British did on the atomic bomb, would be an evolution of modern-day weaponry. The opinions on the atomic bomb and its use have been questioned for the past 69 years. The creation and use of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki during World War II, was a necessary measure to end the war because the lives of Allied nations citizens needed to be protected.
Many things about the events leading up to the atomic bombings need to be understood before main points and reasons can be explained. The beginning of the war started with Hitler and his Nazi Germany wanting to take land back from which they lost after the Treaty of Versailles. The Treaty of Versailles brought an end to the First World War. Hitler rose to power in Germany, thanks to a terrible economy and a need for leadership. Hitler joined the countries of Germany, Austria, Italy, and Japan to create the Axis. Japan was the most secluded country involved with the Axis because it was on the only country in the Pacific.
The Japanese conquered much of the Pacific theater including parts of East Asia. The Japanese Navy held control of the entire Pacific, west of Hawaii. On December 7th, 1941 the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, leading to the addition of the United States in World War II. The United States would begin a series of island-hopping which eventually led the United States to the Japanese mainland. By the time the United States reached the Japanese mainland, the war in Europe was finished and the United States needed to decide their next course of action to finish the war.
The United States and Great Britain had begun research on atomic weapons in the early 1930’s. However, many politicians limited the work that scientists could do because they didn’t believe in the researchers need to work on the atomic bomb. President Roosevelt allowed the creation of an atomic research committee which later asked for a small grant to better research the atomic bomb. Albert Einstein, with the help of Fermi’s friends, Szilard and Wigner, wrote a letter to President Roosevelt requesting intensive research on the atomic bomb (Yass 21). Uranium was found to be able to be divided into two heavy substances which is uncommon as most elements couldn’t break up like that. Most substances split into a heavy and light weight substance. Later, the United States would make its decision to use the atomic bomb.
The United States and the Allies had many reasons to use the atomic...

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