Relationships are the building block for personality and are significant in children’s ability to grow into substantial individuals who can thrive in an often harsh world. Constructing lasting and fulfilling relationships is an integral part to development as the interpersonal bonds forged are not only highly sought after but also set the ground work for all upcoming expressive interactions. Relationships and attachment go hand in hand as attachment is the strong and lasting linkage established between a child and his or her caregiver. Moreover, attachment significantly influences a large capacity of ones make up as it these first relationships that teaches morals, builds self-esteem, and develops a support system. The pioneers of Attachment Theory realized early on that human beings are not solely influenced by drives but that the earliest bonds formed by children with their caregivers greatly impact their ability to forge lasting relationships later in life. John Bowlby was first to introduce this theory to the masses in the 1950’s, and later Mary Ainsworth conducted further research to expand on Bowlby’s theory which proclaims that attachment is a “lasting psychological connectedness between human beings” (Bowlby, 1969, p. 194). The attachment bond theory by both Bowlby and Ainsworth focuses on the significance of the relationship between babies and their caretakers which research has suggested is accountable for influencing impending interactions, firming or injuring our capabilities to concentrate, being aware of our emotional states, self-soothing capabilities, and the capacity to be resilient in the face of hardship. Additionally, this research has provided a framework for assisting in describing these attachment relationships in terms of secure attachment which would be one where the child is nurtured and has feelings of safety on part of the mother’s response to his/her needs. Conversely, a failure on part of the caregiver to support the needs and feelings of the child would result in an insecure attachment which later negatively impacts the child’s future relationships and attachments. These attachment relationships in the language of Bowlby and Ainsworth describe the development of the internal working model which is the basis for the psychological illustration for the child to understand the world, self, and others. This internal model set forth by the memories of past understandings of the relationships with caregiver’s pepper how one will later interact with the world dependent upon the attachment bond established early in life (Bretherton, & Munholland, 1999).
Drug & alcohol abuse effects on attachment
Forming strong bonds and attachments to caregivers is important for all individuals but it is more significant that the foundation be laid during the early stages of child development. Robust attachments provides young children with the necessary tools to trust, feel safe, and communicate and share with others in...