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The Strike Of Chile Essay

1039 words - 4 pages

questions geographers ask-The Strike Of Chile(Chile Earthquake)By Rui Jiang 7CWhat happened, and when did it happenOn February the 27th, 2010 one of the strongest earthquake ever recorded hit Chile. The earthquake was rated 8.8 on the moment magnitude scale and lasted for 90 seconds with many after shocks.Where did it happenThe earthquake occurred in Chile with the epic center location at 39.909°S, 72.733°W. It was strongly felt in six Chilean regions (from Valparaíso in the north to Araucanía in the south), that together make up 80 percent of the country's population. The cities experiencing the strongest shaking were Arauca and Coronel, Chile. The earthquake was felt in the capital Santiago at Marcella intensity scale VIII (Destructive).Tremors were felt in many Argentine cities, including Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Mendoza and La Rioja. Tremors were felt as far north as the city of Ica in southern Peru.How did it happen The earthquake took place along the boundary between the Nazca and South American tectonic plates, at a location where they converge at a rate of eighty millimeters (about three inches) a year. This earthquake was characterized by a thrust-faulting focal mechanism, caused by the seduction of the Nazca plate beneath the South American.Chile has been at a convergent plate boundary that generates mega thrust earthquakes since the Paleozoic (500 million years ago). In historical times the Chilean coast has suffered many mega thrust earthquakes along this plate boundary, including the strongest earthquake ever measured, which is the 1960 Valdivia earthquake. Most recently, the boundary ruptured in 2007 causing the 2007 Antofagasta earthquake in northern Chile.How were people affected People were found dead after the earthquake struck, mostly under buildings and inside cars. Many people were also seriously injured. Most injuries were reported in Santiago and Maule. Buildings collapsed in Santiago and there were power outages in parts of the city. A fire was reported in a chemical plant in an outskirt of Santiago and caused the evacuation of the neighborhood. Santiago's International Airport seems to have been damaged and the airport authority has closed off all flight operations for the next 24 hours from around 12:00 UTC. On Sunday, February 28, Ricardo Ortega, head of the Chilean Air Force, said commercial airline service had been partially re-established and aircraft were being allowed to land in Santiago. Santiago's national Fine Arts Museum was badly damaged and did not reopen until 9 March 2010。 An apartment building's two-story parking lot collapsed, wrecking 68 cars. According to one health official, three hospitals in Santiago collapsed, and a dozen more south of the capital also suffered significant damage.Overall at least 214 people where killed, a minimum of 2 million had been affected.With wide spread damage, destroying buildings, bridges and roads in many areas. Electricity, water and...

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