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The Auschwitz Death Camp Essay

1131 words - 5 pages

The holocaust was a horrific period of time where unbelievable criminal acts were carried out against the Jews, Gypsies, and other racial gatherings. These defenseless individuals were sent from unsanitary ghettos to death camps, one being Auschwitz. The Auschwitz death camp comprised of three camps, all in which are placed in Poland. Numerous forms of extermination came about overtime to speed up the killing process. Life at the death camps was cut short for those who weren’t fit to work; such as the elderly, women, the mentally disabled, and young children. The others were put work while being starved to death. Experiments were held on dwarfs, twins, and other misfits were carried out by ...view middle of the document...

Work only let one cheat death for a few days or weeks. In reality, death was the only escape to the Prisoner’s lives. Auschwitz-Birkenau opened in 1942; to ease congestion at the main camp, located just three kilometers away from Auschwitz I. The camp was designed specifically for extermination. The death camp had four main crematoriums and several gas chambers enclosed by electrical barbed wire fencing. The gas chambers were disguised as shower rooms. Auschwitz-Monowitz also called the Buna; the last concentration camp in Auschwitz; built in October 1942. The camp housed prisoners assigned make fuel and rubber at the Buna. By July of 1944, an estimated 426,000 Jews were deported to the Auschwitz camps about 320,000 of them were sent to the gas chambers upon arrival at Birkenau. By the end of WWII, Nazis deported at least 1,300,000 people to Auschwitz; 1,100,000 of these people died in Auschwitz. Approximately 90% of the victims were Jews. The SS murdered a majority of them in the gas chambers (Rees, Laurence. Auschwitz: a new history). Because of the horrific conditions, mass murdering, forced labor, and other brutal activities, Auschwitz was one of the most feared Nazi Concentration Camps during WWII.
Zyklon B otherwise known as crystalline hydrogen cyanide gas. Zyklon B was used to kill large amounts of people to speed up the killing process; it was one of the major extermination methods. Other methods of extermination were used before Zyklon B; SS Nazis lined up prisoners in front of a huge pit to be shot individually until the pit was filled and later buried. This method went on as very time consuming, the Nazis moved on to easier ways of extermination. The gas chamber was installed in the mortuary of the crematory, and some could contain up to 800 prisoners. Hundreds Jews were tricked into thinking they were going to take a shower, Most gas chambers had dummy shower fittings on the ceiling. The Zyklon B was poured into the gas chamber through openings in the roof. Everyone sent to the chambers were told to undress and were herded up into small confined room to be chemically gassed. The gassing process took about twenty minutes for the gas to completely kill each victim. After the gassing process, the prisoners valuables were salvaged; such a gold teeth. Afterwards they were sent to crematoriums or burning...

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