The autobiography of Malcolm X is a book that was published in 1965. It is of result of collaboration between human rights activist Mr. Malcolm X and journalist Alex Haley. The book depicts more about Malcolm X’s life, experiences and beliefs. The book again talks about spiritual conversion narrative that outlines Malcolm X's philosophy of black pride, Black Nationalism. Malcolm was born in May 19th 1925 in Omaha to a family of Earl and Louise Little. The book also explains to us that he inheritated his activist from his father.
In his life he was viewed as a black militant with a radical message that stood at odds with non-violent philosophy of the late Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. Most notably I take issue on how he ones vilified whites as a group referring to them as evil. I take into account his departure from the nation of Islam and how his trip to Mecca changed his views on race and I see his experiences gave him new hopes about social change in United States.
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He latter stood out from Mohammed and the Islam Nation where he broke away from the organization to set out on his own literally and metaphorically.
With my own words, Malcolm was later viewed as a person of integrity, equality and brotherhood inspired by the new environment because he was also a quick learner. An example is where he was amazed by witnessing the men of different colors and nationalities treating each other equally when he visited Cairo in Egypt and in Jeddah in Saudi, he developed the spirit of equality and brotherhood.
Another example is seen when he visited Mecca at the new mosque that was being built around the Ka’aba described as a huge black stone house in the middle of the Great Mosque. It was being circumambulated by thousands upon thousands of praying pilgrims, both sexes, and every size, shape, color, and race in the world moving seven times around the Ka’aba. Some were bent and wizened with age. Malcolm X considered it as a sight that stamped itself on the brain.
It was that sight at Ka’aba that inspired his famous three Letters from Saudi Arabia, from Nigeria and from Ghana in which they began redefining Malcolm X’s philosophy. He wrote from Saudi Arabia on April 20, 1964 that America needs to understand Islam, because this is the one religion that erases the race problem from its society. He would later concede that the white man is not inherently evil, but America’s racist society influences him to act evilly.
In reality Malcolm X returned to the United States as fiery as ever. His philosophy was taking a new direction. But his critique of liberalism went on unabated. He was willing to take the help of sincere whites but he was under no illusion that the solution for black Americans would not begin with whites. It would begin and end with blacks. In that regard, whites were better off busying themselves with confronting their own pathological racism. He insisted on letting whites go and teach non-violence to white people while preaching that gone was the call for black separation.
Malcolm never had the chance to evolve his new philosophy fully. On Feb. 21, 1965, at the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem, he was shot by three men as he was preparing to speak to an audience of several hundred.
X, Malcolm; Haley, Alex. The Autobiography of Malcolm X. 1st Edition. New York: Grove Press. 1965.Print