The Avant Garde Architecture O Essay

1299 words - 5 pages

The Chinese-American architect Ieoh Ming Pei (I.M) is known as one of the greatest architects of the Twentieth Century. His long, brilliant career was highlighted by several internationally famous structures. While many of Pei?s buildings were generally accepted by the public, some of them precipitated fair amounts of controversy. The most notable of these controversial structures is his Glass Pyramid at the entrance of the Louvre in Paris. For these reasons, I.M. Pei seems to be an architect who exhibits interest in the avant-garde through both the creative design and aestheticism of his architecture.Pei was born in China in 1917 and immigrated to the United States in 1935. He originally attended the University of Pennsylvania but grew unconfident in his drawing skills so he dropped out and pursued engineering at MIT. After Pei decided to return to architecture, he earned degrees from both MIT and Harvard. In 1956, after he had taught at Harvard for three years, he established I.M. Pei & Partners, an architectural firm that has been known as Pei Cobb Freed & Partners since 1989. This firm is famous for its successful and rational solutions to a variety of design problems. They are responsible for many of the largest pubic and private construction projects in the second half of this century. Some of these projects include the East Building of the National Gallery of Art in Washington D.C., the John F. Kennedy Memorial Library in Boston, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland.When French President Francois Mitterand ?personally selected Mr. Pei in 1983 to design the Grand Louvre to give air, space, and light to one of the world?s most congested museums,? (Markham, 1989) there were many critics. The press ?lambasted the idea of shattering the harmony of the Louvre?s courtyard with a glass iceberg? (Markham, 1989). But Pei proceeded as planned, taking a major risk in creating a glass pyramid structure at the entrance. He did not focus on what the critics would say about his plans, but hoped that the world would see, upon completion, that his vision of a contemporary, functional entrance would not clash with the Baroque style of the Louvre itself.When the pyramid was completed in 1989, Pei?s expression of avant-garde art was not entirely accepted. Many critics praised the aspiration with which the architect designed it, but ridiculed many aspects of its functionality: ?The practical problem is that the Pyramid, once you get inside, is noisy, hot, and disorienting? (Campbell, 1989). Fortunately, most critics consider it to be ?architecture made with passion, architecture as sculpture and as three-dimensional geometry ? less then user-friendly, perhaps, but impressive nonetheless? (Campbell, 1989).Many critics, along with the majority of the Parisian public, had much more positive opinions of the pyramid after its completion. For tourists, ?the days of searching for the Louvre?s entrance are over. It?s hard to miss the 70-foot...

Find Another Essay On The Avant-Garde Architecture o

Kerouac’s Spontaneous Prose and the Post-War Avant-Garde

3111 words - 12 pages Kerouac’s Spontaneous Prose and the Post-War Avant-Garde My title comes from one of Kerouac’s own essays, “Aftermath: The Philosophy of the Beat Generation,” which he published in Esquire in March 1958. In it, he identifies the Beats as subterranean heroes who’d finally turned from the ‘freedom’ machine of the West and were taking drugs, digging bop, having flashes of insight, experiencing the ‘derangement of the senses

Avant-garde Electrical Grid – Cloud Computing: The World Wide Computer

1004 words - 5 pages Is your brain cluttered with precious memories and brilliant ideas? Why not store it in the cloud? In the beginning were humans and humans were computers. Even a simple mathematical calculation and a tiny storage of data consume huge processing power of the human brain. With the passing of time, crunching of information became simpler with the advent of computers and storage of information became easier with the introduction of cloud services

Russian Art & Architecture

1563 words - 6 pages industrial workers, Russia's avant-garde artists turned increasingly to the factory and the frenetic pace of urban life for inspiration. Brilliant colours, simplified and sharply angular forms, and an emphasis on the liberatory energy of the modern world became the basis for new and increasingly abstract compositions. Cubo-Futurism, Rayonnism and Suprematism were the most important of the styles and schools that emerged during this time. Among

Jazz Movement in the 1960s

2303 words - 9 pages The Avant-Garde Movement in Jazz in the 1960's The avant-garde movement in jazz in the 1960's was a period in music that was marked by several specific traits. The United States in the 60's was going through rapid changes socially, and having some major political changes also. In this paper, I would like to follow the development of the avant-garde movement, from the very causes of the movement to avant-garde from the "Modality" and "3rd Stream

A Battle Between The Traditional and The Modern

1450 words - 6 pages consciously. His works incorporated foreign languages and he had ideas that are applicable in today’s modern world; those that were almost irrelevant in the 19th century (Pound). Because of these differences, Pound is placed closer to modernity than Yeats. Yeats’ works are in the early modernity stages while Pound’s works are from early modernity to late modernity stages. The Battle between the Grand Tradition and the Avant-garde By 1914

Russian Avant-Garde

1659 words - 7 pages form and space from scratch. The Proun brought together architecture and painting. Proun 1 E, The Town (see figure 2), closely models a town plan. There is volume to the shapes he uses which indicate the form of buildings. The colours he uses, greys and charcoals, appear to reference building materials like steel and concrete. In a letter to fellow avant-garde artist Kasimir Malevich, in 1919, El Lissitzky explains his motivation: ‘Our lives are

The Guggenheim Museum

1760 words - 7 pages thing called art, this thing called art. Is this thing called art because it resists apprehension? Only what is at stake, Claus? If art forsakes literal representation, it is merely to get at the subconscious, at things that cannot otherwise be expressed - surely there is something to be said for that! Still, he said and we let it go.) Shoulder rub, ticket stub: we were in! Avant-Garde Art is Borne If Art arrived at an airport today

The Failures of New Urbanism

915 words - 4 pages are not avant-garde forms of expression. The site planning within the development is well analyzed and implemented as stated, but the viable connection between the suburban area and the realm of the city has become muddled due to poor means of egress leading to the pre-existing city. These two ideological signs produced by the new urbanist’s utopia, have lead to the failure of this concept, and if not remedied the idea of new urbanism will have

The Two Camps of Modern Art is about the two main schools of thought in art history from 1945 - current

1993 words - 8 pages creation all it's own, and since it's beginnings there have been two very distinct groups present. There are the Formalists and the Avant-Garde. Clement Greenberg's, art critiques versus Marcel Duchamp's artwork.Clement Greenberg began pronouncing his aesthetic judgments in the 1930s, inaugurating a personal Golden Age that lasted into the '50s. During these decades, Greenberg wrote clearly and thoughtfully about Modernist art, serving as the

Antonio Gaudi - The Master Of Architecture

547 words - 3 pages established him as the innovative leader of the Spanish Art Nouveau movement. With little regard for formal order, he juxtaposed unrelated systems and altered established visual order. Gaudi's characteristically warped form of Gothic architecture drew admiration from other avant-garde artists.During Gaudi's lifetime, official organizations rarely recognized his talent. The City of Barcelona unsuccessfully often tried to stop or limit Gaudi's work

Meshes of the Afternoon by Maya Deren

1640 words - 7 pages Meshes of the Afternoon where they wanted to portray different levels of the subconscious mind and psychological conditions inspired by Sigmund Freud’s and Salvador Dali’s theme. Meshes of the Afternoon is one Maya Deren’s successful film that depicted different states of the subconscious mind by using several different formal elements. Maya Deren made her way to the top among the Avant-garde filmmakers of 1940s and her films were of real and

Similar Essays

The Avant Garde Die First Essay

2618 words - 10 pages : the inevitability of change. Works Cited Arnason, H.H. History of Modern Art: Painting Sculpture Architecture Photography. 5th ed. Ed. Peter Kalb. Singapore: Prentice Hall, 2004. “Avant-Garde.” The Tate Online. 3 Dec 2004. <http://www.tate.org.uk/collections/ glossary/definition.jsp?entryId=38>. Barzun, Jacques. The Use and Abuse of Art. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1974. Greenberg, Clement. “Avant Garde Attitudes

The British Avant Garde: A Philosophical Analysis

3208 words - 13 pages The British Avant-Garde: A Philosophical Analysis ABSTRACT: British Avant-Garde art, poses a challenge to traditional aesthetic analysis. This paper will argue that such art is best understood in terms of Wittgenstein¡¦s concept of "seeing-as," and will point out that the artists often use this concept in describing their work. This is significant in that if we are to understand art in terms of cultural practice, then we must actually look at

The Dada Movement Russian Avant Garde On The Internet

1416 words - 6 pages The Dada Movement - Russian Avant-Garde on the World Wide Web Russia witnessed an artistic revolution during the turn of the 20th century that attempted to overturn art's place in society. Today, we are witnessing a new revolution that is growing at an alarming rate and attracting a variety of people every day. This phenomenon is known as the Internet. The World Wide Web is more than a medium for education and research, but serves as a tool

Freak Out: The 1960s Musical Avant Garde Revisited

3795 words - 15 pages Freak Out: The 1960s Musical Avant-garde Revisited “This is my happening and it freaks me out!” Z-man Barzel in Beyond the Valley of the Dolls (1970) The title of this essay “Freak Out: The 1960s Musical Avant-garde Revisited” invites me to explore the explosion of new ideas that permeated many forms of western musical expression in the 1960s. When I was given a new course to teach at the University of Guelph called “The Musical Avant