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The Background And Philosophies Of William Heard Kilpatrick

806 words - 4 pages

William Heard Kilpatrick
Philosopher’s background
William Heard Kilpatrick was a famous education philosopher in the early 20th century. He was born on 20th November 1871. He was first born of Reverend Dr. James Hines Kilpatrick (a Baptist minister) and Edna Perrin Heard. He grew up in a town called White Plains. Kilpatrick’s upbringing was in a strict Christian background. This greatly influenced and shaped his character. William’s father, Reverend Kilpatrick, taught him about committed record keeping, a trait that William held for the rest of his life. As a young man, William Heard Kilpatrick had a strong desire to become a successful leader. His parents taught him to speak without fear ...view middle of the document...

I had the feeling that here was the intellectual center of America. And I was eager to join this exciting new world; I too wanted to merge myself in this avid pursuit of truth. [...] .” (Beyer, 2007)
He later returned to Georgia and heard of a teaching vacancy, which he took and taught geometry and algebra at Blackely elementary and high school. In that institution, he served as both assistant principal and teacher in grade 7 to 10, teaching Latin and mathematics. During his years as a student, Kilpatrick did not have a clear vision of what he wanted to be in the future. Later in life, he became fascinated with science, which gave his life direction. This created a foundation for his ideas concerning education and enabled him to develop an educational philosophy. He influenced lives of many teachers through his teachings. He had supporters who saw him as a great teacher as well as critics who referred to him as a social activist (Gutek, 2004).
In 1918, he came up with a standard teaching method named “The project” which focuses on the child. The process requires teachers all teachers to place the child in the middle of the learning process by paying attention to activities that interest the students. Teachers were to put concentrate more and offer guidance to meaningful activities, and this was through projects carried out by students. William Heard Kilpatrick described the method in detail in his essay...

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