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The Background, Hobbits, And Wizards In Tolkien’s The Lord Of The Rings

1874 words - 8 pages

According to The return of The Kings, “known as The Lord of the Rings, was so immediately successful that a new, larger printing was required, and soon another, still larger printing became necessary. The Hobbit, under wartime pressure of paper shortages, went out of print in 1942, and its subsequent popularity largely derives from the success of The Lord of the Rings” (Kroeber). According to The return of The Kings, The Lord of The rings was successful because people read it and liked it. JOHN RONALD REUEL TOLKIEN (always called Ronald by his family) was born on 3 January 1892, at Bloemfontein, South Africa, where his father Arthur had taken a position with the Bank of Africa (Firchow). The Tolkien family had been prosperous piano manufacturers, but the business had failed. Mabel Suffield, Arthur’s wife, was the daughter of a once successful drapery manufacturer in Birmingham, England, who had gone bankrupt and survived by selling disinfectant to shopkeepers around the city. According to the Background, Sauron always sought pleasure in whoever has interest in the ring and whoever had possession of the ring was called the ring Barer. Sauron is a giant eyeball sitting on top of a tower. From there, he watches every move anyone takes but he is mainly looking for the ring bearer. Once Sauron finally obtained possession of the ring, he then transformed into his omnipotent transformation meaning he makes all that is afraid of fear, fear him. He was then so powerful to the point that no man can defeat him only women. The first of Tolkien’s four children was born in November 1917. After the Armistice Tolkien joined the staff of the Oxford English Dictionary, and in 1920 he was appointed Reader in English Language at Leeds University, where, with E. V. Gordon, he shaped an edition of Sir Gatoain and the Green Knight, a work that helped lead to his election as Professor of Anglo-Saxon at Oxford University in 1925. For the next thirty-four years, Tolkien taught at Oxford, where he became known as an eccentric and often incomprehensible lecturer but one dedicated to helping advanced students. Not a highly published scholar, Tolkien’s most significant academic accomplishment was the Gollancz Memorial Lecture at the British Academy in November 1936, “Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics,” which was influential in establishing the Anglo-Saxon poem as a masterpiece of world literature. Even more revealing is the name Gollum, the hobbit Frodo’s principal antagonist in The Lord of the Rings. “Gollum” is, in fact, an onomatopoeic nickname derived from a sound he began to make in his throat after acquiring the Ring by murdering his brother, who had found it. His real name was Trahald, meaning “worming in,” of which the Anglicized version is Sméagol. These different names for the same character, which are extended by Sam Gamgee’s calling him Slinker and Stinker, help to dramatize the changes in Gollum after he obtains the Ring, is driven out by his family after...

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