This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Battle To Be Heard: Autism, Language, And Communication

2269 words - 9 pages

Humans rely on speech every day because it is an integral part of our civilization. From a philosopher’s standpoint, one could say that our ability to communicate verbally is part of what makes us human. What, then, would the philosopher say about those who are incapable of verbal communication? This is the plight of those who either have severe difficulty with speech or altogether lack the ability to speak due to autism. For autistic individuals, this is their reality: a world with limited, and sometimes completely devoid of, vocabulary. Autism is a fairly common condition that affects about 5 in 10,000 individuals (Piven, 1997), and with it comes the language deficit that partially defines the condition itself. Difficulties with language use and acquisition are two prominent symptoms of autism, and there may also be issues with nonverbal communication. These difficulties in turn lead to problems with social interactions. Research has suggested a number of brain irregularities that are responsible for the language deficits, and although the irregularities cannot be corrected, some progress has been made in designing methods that can be used to aid in language acquisition.Language deficits are the most variable aspect of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Some autistic individuals can develop a somewhat functional vocabulary and some language fluency. These people can express themselves and their thoughts, although slowly and with varying degrees of difficulty. Speech impediments, such as lisps, are common. Conversely, some autistic people will never speak, and instead rely solely on nonverbal communication. Some nonverbal autistic individuals express themselves in other ways, including mathematical, artistic, or musical savantism. No one knows why language use has such a broad range of severity in ASD, but there are ways to estimate an autistic individual’s future language potential. Timing is an important factor when considering how an autistic individual’s language skills will develop into adulthood; if language is acquired by at least age 5, there is a greater chance of developing some measure of fluency (Kleinhans, Müller, Cohen, Courchesne, 2008). Still, about half of individuals with an ASD remain nonverbal for life. Researchers have attempted to pinpoint the cause of these prevalent communication shortcomings seen in autism.The phrase “hemisphere lateralization” is used to describe how each brain hemisphere is specialized for specific tasks. For example, scientists generally consider the left brain to be the language center, and the right brain the center of musical and artistic ability. Researchers Kleinhans, Cohen, Müller, and Courchesne (2008) hypothesized that autistic individuals’ language deficits are caused by an atypical organization of language function – the autistic brain does not process language information in the left hemisphere language centers. To test their hypothesis, the...

Find Another Essay On The Battle to be Heard: Autism, Language, and Communication

Research paper on autism: The paper was to be on any field in psychology

1762 words - 7 pages as different as night and day. Children with autism have a wide verity of problems. They can have problems in three crucial areas of development social skills, language and behavior. The most severe autism is marked by a complete inability to communicate or interact with other people. Some people with autism can go on in school and do well. On the other hand some have very poor communication skills. People with autism may seem to be obsessed with

Children with Autism May Be Especially Suceptible to Bullying

1640 words - 7 pages meltdowns and overly sensitive to changes in routine, rules or environment. These characteristics can make children with autism targets, but the one characteristic which seems to attract bullies to children with autism is when the autistic child has conversational ability.[4] "Children with autism who could speak well, for example, were three times more likely to be bullied than those whose conversational ability was limited or absent."[5] How Does a

The Importance to Care Users of Being Heard

1632 words - 7 pages There is much importance placed on care givers being able to support people to “have a voice and be heard” Indeed as one of the five K101 principles of care practice, the relevance of care workers being able to achieve this is paramount to the wishes and feelings of the service users being upheld, to establish and ensure good care practice. In this assignment I aim to discuss how carers can assist service users in this way, focusing on several

Vaccinations and Their Possible Link to Autism

1131 words - 5 pages ). The activated immune system produces a reaction which eventually causes immunologic memory and a heightened response to future exposure (Bauman, 2012). This means that the patient will be sick for a shorter period of time or that they will not become sick at all. That said it is believed that immunizing children could potentially cause autism through the action of the various chemicals within the vaccine (Ratajczak, 2001). This paper will

The Background and Philosophies of William Heard Kilpatrick

806 words - 4 pages , Reverend Kilpatrick, taught him about committed record keeping, a trait that William held for the rest of his life. As a young man, William Heard Kilpatrick had a strong desire to become a successful leader. His parents taught him to speak without fear even on topics and ideas that were unpopular (Beyer, 2007). Experiences At the age of seventeen, William Heard Kilpatrick went to Mercer University and was a top performer in mathematics. While at

Body Language: Communication for the Challenged

1577 words - 7 pages completely engaged and patient. They have to be aware of what is meant to be said and observant of body language cues. Oral communication can often be too difficult for someone autistic, so they often prefer to use an alternative means of communication themselves, such as sign language or visual symbols (2). Unfortunately, it is usually a one way conversation with someone autistic because often the one with autism understands the other person better, than

Use of Applied Behavior Analysis to Support Language Development in Children with Autism

1935 words - 8 pages many times children with autism display inappropriate behavior. Many interventions and studies are done to try to smooth this transition as well as the inappropriate behavior that might be seen during the transition. Autism can affect some components of communication. Communication is the process of sharing information and ideas from one person to another. Speech and language make up only a portion of the communication process. Language

The Role of Language in Communication

1243 words - 5 pages to every aspect of our lives. Ideas and understandings available through language shape our practice in a variety of ways in everyday interactions. It has been well known since the beginning of time that men and women are on different wavelengths when it comes to communicating. The differences between the communication styles of men and women go far beyond mere socialization, and appear to be inherent in the basic make

The Role of Body Language in Communication

2012 words - 8 pages Introduction Non-verbal communication refers to “all external stimuli other than spoken or written words and including body motion, characteristics of appearance, characteristics of voice and use of space and distancing. All these non-verbal clues taken together are also known as body language. Body language plays significant role in oral communication. Sigmund Freud’s observation may appear to be an exaggeration but it is the exaggeration of a

Communication: The Key to Experiences and Relationships

1682 words - 7 pages benefits of communication become exponentially strengthened by how much more communication can take place. Communication, along with the conventional use of the term, can mean the communication of information, and the use of electronic devices further allow individuals to attain information much easier and thus can make experiences much more ideal when there can be a clear understanding of what is truly going on in the world. This use of electronic

Language is the Main Source of Communication

1280 words - 5 pages meanings. For example the word gay is defined in Collins dictionary firstly as ` homosexual´ or `of or for homosexuals´, but it adds some other meanings that are as valid and that coexist with the first one as `carefree and merry´, `brightly coloured´,`brilliant´ or `given to pleasure´. As language is considered to be a phenomenon in constant change and development; new meanings can occur as well as old ones can disappear or be placed in an

Similar Essays

Dancing To Be Heard Essay

787 words - 3 pages said, "Dance is the hidden language of the soul." For myself, dance is freedom. Through dance, I am able to express the boundless joy my soul feels when music becomes movement. It is hard for me to come out and express what I feel in words to people, but dance has opened up a new avenue of self-expression for me. I can express my individuality and what makes me unique when I dance. I am beautiful when I dance, I can be anyone or anything I want to

Autism And Communication Skills Essay

1121 words - 5 pages Autism and Communication Skills INTRO In our society communication is a key component and vital to existence in success in this day in age. Not only communication but social skills, motor skills, and our basic senses are the platforms on which we build off of, well, in the world of autism communication is impacted and for that reason an audible disturbance can come off as a heavy impairment…..to the naked eye. In my experience working with

Comparing The Learnedness And Flexibility Found In Human Language To Horse Communication

1705 words - 7 pages , when a mare gives birth, during mental conflict, or physical exertion. Another important form of communication for horses is the nonverbal signals they give that can stand alone or be included with their vocal sounds; researchers and trainers have come to call this “silent body language” because it can be hard to pick up visually by humans and can include smells undetectable to non-horses (Zlotnik, 2012, p.13). It is believed that horses

Communication Language And Literacy Essay

599 words - 3 pages revised EYFS (EE, 2012) which places communication and language within one of the ‘prime areas’, providing informative information with regards to the developmental norms of the child, in conjunction with the ‘two year check’ (DfE, 2012) screening of each child’s development within the prime areas. However, as Bercow highlights the inequality of public services, due to the ‘postcode lottery’, is found to greatly impact on the child with SLCD. This