This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Battle For Chipyoung Ni I: The Turning Point Of The Korean War

2109 words - 8 pages

THE BATTLE FOR CHIPYONG-NI: THE TURNING POINT OF THE KOREAN WAR

Introduction
The battle at Chipyong-ni was a decisive turning point in the Korean War. Defeat after defeat at the hands of the Chinese had the United Nations forces demoralized. The logistics trains and supply routes were labored due to the Chinese infiltration of friendly lines. The battle at Chipyong-ni showed our determination and exposed many Chinese and North Korean vulnerabilities that were not known.
The battle for Chipyong-ni took place from the February 13th to the 15th, 1951. Although we only discuss the actions and fighting that occurred on the southern perimeter, the allied forces at Chipyong-ni were embattled from all directions.

History
After the failure of TF Smith, a successful United Nations (UN) campaign led by the United States pushed the North Korean forces out of the South Korean borders and well past the 38th parallel. For reasons thoroughly debated and not fully understood, China joined the North Koreans in combat against the allied forces. The Chinese offensive campaign was swift and unrelenting. The Chinese and North Korean armies quickly regained the ground they had lost effectively putting the United Nations back to square one. Unexpectedly, the Chinese army stopped offensive operations and retreated their main body north of the 38th parallel.
From the end of 1950 to February, 1951 United Nations forces conducted offensive operations to regain the South Korean territory. As the operation neared Seoul and the 38th parallel, the Chinese army launched an audacious counter offensive. Although the United Nations line was pushed south, the 23rd Regimental Combat Team was continuing victoriously. After a successful operation at the battle of the twin tunnels, orders were given to the 23rd to occupy the nearby village of Chipyong-ni. On February 3rd, the 23rd arrived and began establishing a defensive perimeter. However, the allied positions adjacent to Chipyong-ni were falling at an alarming rate.
By February 4th, the 23rd’s position at Chipyong-ni was a northern bulge holding onto the allied line for dear life. COL Paul Freeman, the 23rd Regimental Commander requested to fall back to allied lines and the support of adjacent units. LTG Matthew Ridgeway, the commander of the Eighth Army, denied COL Freemans request and decided it was time to make a stand at the village of Chipyong-ni.

Planning/Preparation
Preparation went into high gear after the stay and defend orders were received. On February 13th, 1951 the daylight patrols returned reporting increased enemy activity in all directions. Arial observation planes confirmed large numbers of Chinese to the north and east. Ground reconnaissance units confirmed a large enemy element to the south. COL Freeman once again requested to move south to the town of Yoju. MG Edward Almond, the commander of X Corps, flew to Chipyong-ni to discuss the decision with COL Freeman. It was...

Find Another Essay On The Battle For Chipyoung-niI: The Turning Point of the Korean War

The Battle of Britain as a Turning Point in the Defeat of German in World War Two

3385 words - 14 pages The Battle of Britain as a Turning Point in the Defeat of German in World War Two By June 1940, Hitler had conquered six of the European Nations. Hitler offered to make peace with Britain, after deciding that he believed Britain to be in no state to fight. At the time, Britain's Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, rejected the peace offering, refusing to make any deals with Germany. This created a problem for Hitler, as his

The Battle of Saratoga: The Turning Point of The American Revolution

1184 words - 5 pages The Battle of Saratoga: The Turning Point of the American Revolution The Revolutionary War is enshrined in American memory as the beginning of a new nation born in freedom. (The Saratoga Chamber of Commerce, 1999) On 17 October 1777, the surrender of the British during the Battle of Saratoga proved to the world that the American Army was an effective fighting force. The American victory at Saratoga was a major turning point in the America’s

Gettysburg: Turning Point Of The War

1901 words - 8 pages Gettysburg: The Turning Point of the War On July 1, 1863, the Union Army of the Potomac engaged the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia which had advance into the north. This would be the battle of all battles; it would be the bloodiest battle of the Civil War. Three days of warfare resulted in a Union victory at the cost was 51,000 American casualties. The Southern reason for rebellion was to break away from the Union and become a

Turning Point of the War 1942-1943

521 words - 3 pages November, U.S. forces landed in French North Africa and forced the German and Italian troops to surrender in May 1943. On the Eastern Front, the turning point of the war occurred at Stalingrad. After capturing the Crimea, Hitler’s generals wanted him to concentrate on the Caucasus and its oil fields, but Hitler decided that Stalingrad, a major industrial center on the Volga, should be taken first. After three months of bitter fighting, German troops

The Turning Point

2172 words - 9 pages The Turning Point Life is a mystery. There is so much that we do not understand and so much we have yet to learn. Many questions we ponder frequently involve human nature. We often ask why people do certain things and why we act the way we do. Most of these highly debated topics will never be answered. We can only contemplate why everything occurs. One issue that is consistently brought up is that of good and evil. For centuries this

Pearl Harbor: The Turning Point of History

998 words - 4 pages single battle would become the one of the most brilliant tactical strokes in military history, crippling America’s warfighting ability for several months on end. Despite this, America rose once again from the ashes with a new image, a new goal, as a new nation. This is why the events of that fateful day must never be forgotten- from the fires of that battle and the cries of Americans something spectacular occurred, true unity was found in the face of

“The Turning Point”: The Effects of the Vietnam War According to The Things They Carried

997 words - 4 pages progresses, the characters’ personalities change due to certain events of the war. The novel shows that due to these experiences during the Vietnam War, there is always a turning point for each soldier, especially as shown with Bob “Rat” Kiley and Azar. With this turning point also comes the loss of innocence for these soldiers. O’Brien covers certain stages of grief and self-blame associated with these events in these stories as well in order to

Life of The Korean War

700 words - 3 pages The Korean war was a hard fought battle and was hard on the soldiers who fought it. The everyday life during the Korean war for a soldier was a hard one full of stress and tragedy. They fought hard in every battle of the Korean war but the least covered and hardest fought was the battle of "The Punchbowl". The Untied States purpose for entering the Korean war was to stop the spread of communism. The trials of everyday life of a soldier in

Causes of the Korean War

1306 words - 5 pages -chartered territory after running for some time on a tangent, an objective point of reference must be made which orients itself accordingly. We have yet to see the end of the Korean war and until then, its causes will have direct relevance in a world which has no means to be forgotten.

Causes of the Korean War

1335 words - 5 pages of general war seen in the outbreak of hostilities in Korea. With further reinforcement in the NATO forecast at the end of the Korean War, USSR armed aggression in western Europe became unlikely. For the east, the major result was the emergence of Communist China as a Great Power. A steady improvement in the Chinese army and air force during the war gave China a more powerful military posture at war's end than when it had intervened

The Russian Revolution: A Turning Point for Communism

1464 words - 6 pages The Russian Revolution was a turning point in history because it tried to use communism as its main principal. “Communism is the riddle of history solved, and it knows itself to be this solution” (Marx Quotes: Quotes from Karl Marx and Frederick Engels). In a communist society, everyone in that society receives equal shares of the benefits derived from labor. In a communist nation, there would be a classless society, and everyone would be happy

Similar Essays

The Battle Of Gettysburg: Turning Point Of The Civil War

2715 words - 11 pages Chancellorsville. “The Battle of Gettysburg was largest battle in the Western hemisphere. Here, more men died than any other place in North America. Gettysburg was the turning point of the war. The casualties were so great that never again did the Confederate Army possess the moral and physical strength to invade the Union. ” This is why the victory at Gettysburg changed the course of the Civil War. BIBLIOGRAPHY Axelrod, Alex and Jim Wright. The

The Battle Of Gettysburg: The Turning Point In The Civil War

1199 words - 5 pages Confederacy would have had control over the Union army, The Army of Potomac, and rebels would choose it as sacrifice to stop the rioting in New York and the Union would be complete disarray. For the first two years of the war the Union Military battled in the states taking hard hits but the Battle of Gettysburg created a turning point in the Civil War because it transferred the upper hand from the Confederates ultimately sealing the Union’s

The Turning Point Of World War Ii The Battle Of Midway

2848 words - 11 pages States Pacific Fleet an edge on Japanese forces. The Battle of Midway was the most important naval engagement of World War II: it was a decisive battle that allowed the United States to be the dominant naval power in the Pacific and it marked a turning point in World War II for the United States. The motive for Japan’s plan to attack Midway Island was to claim dominant power over the Pacific Ocean and to eliminate the United States Pacific

How The Battle Of Midway Was The Turning Point Of Ww2 For America

2404 words - 10 pages offensive. Nimitz sent three aircraft carriers, The USS Enterprise, The USS Hornet and The USS Yorktown to destroy the Japanese. This is just a short overview of The Battle of Midway, or as commonly referred to as, the battle that changed the war. People argue that it had no affect on the war, but those critics couldn’t be farther from the truth. The Battle of Midway was the turning point of the war because it fully enters America into the war