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The Battle Of Algiers And The Algerian Insurgency

1209 words - 5 pages

French Algeria is now called Algeria and won its independence from its colonial power, France. The two political communities in French Algeria were the French citizens and the Algerian people. The Algerian people were under French rule for over one hundred years from 1830 to 1962 when they were given their independence and recognized by France. “The events of November 1, 1954, marked the birth of the National Liberation Front (FLN)” (Cherian). The Muslim population is the part of the population that felt isolated and they wanted more political autonomy. The Muslim population formed a secessionist insurgency because they wanted to break away from the ruling party to create their own country or nation away from French occupation and control.
The Front de liberation national (FLN) or National Liberation Front was the major player in the film Battle of Algiers. “On November 1, a series of 60 explosions rocked Algiers, killing 10 persons” (Cherian). The FLN started using guerilla warfare by attacking government representatives such as the police. They also used terrorism when they attacked civilian targets with bombs after their strike was stopped by the French military and government. The French used many counterinsurgency tactics to stop the insurgency including torture to acquire information on the structure and organization of the insurgency. The French military ended the Algerian insurgency against the French government from the FLN but it did not stop the movement and instilled those ideals in others that would eventually lead to the popular uprising and the eventual liberation of their beloved nation.
The FLN tactics were simple when they started their movement hit and run tactics worked for them against their unsuspecting targets the French policemen in their nation. “The well-planned operation targeted police stations, bridges, municipal buildings and electrical facilities” (Cherian). This was their targets for the start of the insurgency on November 1st.They would walk up shoot the policeman in the head or shoot him in the chest and double tap in the head to insure that the officer was killed. The FLN had to change tactics when the French military became involved especially when they were on strike to gain UN approval for an Algerian nation free from France but the French Army forced them to their jobs and work. They instituted a curfew and checkpoints between the two parts of Algeria where the French citizen were and the Algerian people were housed. They then instituted bombs after their homes were bombed and burned killing their family members and children. The FLN then built purse bombs to attack the French civilians at local areas such as a restaurant, airport, and dance club. They also started to attack the military when threatened and hid weapons in the French occupied territory to attack the policemen. The French civilians were also tired of friends and family getting killed so they started to attack Algerian children whenever they...

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