The Battle of Britain
Many battles took place leading to the fall of Nazi Germany during WWII. All of the battles were significant, but some more so than others. Among these battles, the Battle of Britain is considered one of the most influential battles of WWII.
Germany had been a world superpower for quite some time before WWII. The nation first began to show its superiority over Europe during WWI, when it demonstrated both its strength and military capabilities (Hart 17). Then, the first example of terror bombing in Europe was the German Luftwaffe’s attack of Spain in 1937. Later, on September 3, 1939, five-thousand people were killed or wounded by German aircraft and Zepplins during the German air raids of Britain. Germany had proven that they had the world’s most sophisticated air force, dropping three hundred tons of bombs onto Britain during the first world war (Mortimer 9-10).
Reigning in Germany between 1933 and 1945, was Adolf Hitler, leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party. This party, also known as the Nazi party, established the Third Reich, one of the most brutal regimes in history. Under the control of the Third Reich, Germany became a totalitarian state, and every part of life was controlled by the Nazis (Hay 7).
The Nazis gave strong effort to control the minds of the people by using propaganda, conformity and peer pressure. Hitler was a great manipulator of the masses. Millions of Germans were attracted to his charisma and speaking ability, so his success as a leader is really no surprise. Everything that Hitler promised Germany sounded good but the majority of the German people never suspected that Hitler’s racism and territorial obsessions would lead them into a terrible war (Hay 7).
The Nazi military developed some of the latest and most advanced weapons in the world. With this new Military technology, Hitler set out for complete domination of Europe (Hay 7).
With this advanced technology and the use of the famous strategy known as “blitzkrieg”, Germany quickly overran most of Western Europe (Hay 7). The many smaller, weaker countries were easily conquered. The Polish, for example, using outdated military technology, had attempted to charge German armor using cavalry and saber. They failed miserably, of course (Phillips 7). By the summer of 1940, only Britain remained independent (Hay 7).
The blitzkrieg strategy in itself was arguably Germany’s most effective weapon during the second world war. The blitzkrieg, or “lightning war” tactic was developed by a man named Heinz Guderian, a highly innovative member of the German military. Guderian based the Blitzkrieg on concepts that were misused during WWII including tanks, infantry carried by mechanized transports, artillery, and air support (Blitzkrieg Web).
The blitzkrieg was conducted violently with great speed and force. It was a concentrated surprise offensive performed by massed mechanized ground forces in close cooperation...