The Battle Of Bunker Hill Essay

2079 words - 8 pages

The Battle of Bunker Hill

Following the events in Massachusetts at Lexington and Concord, April 19, 1775, state militiamen from Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island and Vermont gathered in Cambridge and the area surrounding Boston. British General Gage and 6,500 soldiers and marines were in possession of Boston proper, while the American force consisted of over 16,000 men. Sickness and missing brought the number of available soldiers closer to 9,000. In addition the American force was extremely short of gunpowder, having only some 30 or so half barrels of powder beyond that carried in the horns of the citizen soldiers.

In the two months following Concord, efforts were made to bring organization and order to the United States Army. But the work was difficult and the progress slow. By mid-June the army was still a collection of individual Militia regiments, headed by officers who were viewed more as friends and fellow citizens of the common soldier rather than trained and capable leaders. The Continental Congress was working on legislation to regularize the militia and see that they were paid by the Congress, but by mid-June still had not acted. To make matters worse, militia units were responsible only to their own militia commanders and their own state governments. General Artemus Ward was commanding general of the Massachusetts militia, leading the largest contingent of troops, and held nominal authority over the non-Massachusetts forces.

General Gage considered his force too small to effectively attack the Rebels and hold the countryside outside of Boston. At the same time he became concerned that the surrounding heights of Dorchester and Charlestown provided an excellent opportunity for Rebels to place cannon and threaten Boston. Consequently, he began to plan measures to secure these strategic positions. But word leaked out and the Boston Committee of Safety recommended to Ward that he beat the British to their own move and seize Bunker Hill above Charlestown. Col. William Prescott supported the plan and was asked to lead a night mission to establish a redoubt (small fort) on Bunkers Hill. Together with 300 men of Prescott's regiment, and parts of Ebenezer Bridge's and Colonel James Frye's regiment were added 200 Connecticut men under Captain Thomas Knowlton from Putnam's regiment and Captain Samuel Gridley's artillery company with two light guns. About 5 o’clock in the evening of June 16th this force assembled on the common in Cambridge and after a prayer set off quietly for the Horse's Neck.

Positioned like a drop of ink extending into the harbor just to the north of Boston, the Charlestown peninsula is approximately one and a quarter miles long and lies between the Charles River on the West and the Mystic river on the East. On the north, the peninsula is joined to the mainland by a narrow stretch of land (called the Neck), which is only thirty feet wide at high tide. Bunker's Hill rises across the narrow western end...

Find Another Essay On The Battle of Bunker Hill

The Haunting of Hill House Essay

797 words - 4 pages The Haunting of Hill House The Haunting of Hill House is a book about four people that all have backgrounds of experiencing supernatural events. Because of this, they were all chosen to explore the supernatural happenings occurring at Hill House. The house was originally built by a man named Hugh Crain. It had been a place of mysterious events and also the deaths of those who lived there. Dr. Montague, a supernatural investigator, then

The Haunting of Hill House Essay

882 words - 4 pages THE HAUNTING OF HILL HOUSEPAGES 67 AND 245In the conclusion of the book, you are shown the death of Eleanor. I came to the realization that a very similar death was described previously in the book. Eighteen years before, a man left Hill House in darkness and his horse bolted into a tree at a turn in the drive, instantly killing him.It was very important that both of these events happened in the book. The man's death served as foreshadowing in

Plato's Allegory of the Cave Summary - Bunker Hill Community College - assignment

753 words - 4 pages Quang Le Eng112 Date: Plato’s Allegory of The Cave Part one: Setting the scene: the cave and the fire The cave People live in a cave and be chained to the wall of a cave all of their lives. They have been here since birth, shackled by legs and neck. They can only look at the stonewall in front of them A fire is behind them, and there is a wall between the fire and the prisoners. They can namely the objects from a fire that casts its glow toward

The History of Richmond Hill, Georgia

842 words - 3 pages Hill proudly fought in the Civil War between the States. Fort McAllister was an important icon in Richmond Hill during the Civil War. Its purpose was to protect Savannah’s “backdoor”. Nine battles were fought at the fort, including the closing battle of Sherman’s infamous March to Sea that actually ended in Bryan County. Even when nearly destroyed by Sherman’s March to Sea in 1864, Richmond Hill was able to rebuild itself from the ashes of the

The Book of Negroes by Lawrence Hill

1698 words - 7 pages “To gaze into another person’s face is to do two things: to recognize their humanity and to assert your own” –Aminata Diallo. The Book of Negros was written by Canadian author Lawrence Hill. The Book of Negros is about a young girl named Aminata who is brought to London, England, in 1802, by abolitionists who are petitioning to end the slave trade. As she awaits an audience with King George to speak on her personal experience of being a

The Book of Negroes, by Lawrence Hill

2074 words - 8 pages therefore without consequences . During her stay with her first owner Robinson Appleby, Mamed instructs Aminata, Fomba , and the other slaves to complete various tasks. Mamed "set Fomba to chopping down the indigo plants close to the ground. Fomba couldn’t follow the instructions. Mamed pulled him to the side, [and] put another man in his place (Hill, Lawrence 148). While on the plantation, Aminata realized that "there were two classes of

The Bloodiest Battle: The Battle of Okinawa

1652 words - 7 pages pushed towards Shuri and were met with even more resistance. The 6th Marine Divison was able to capture Sugar Loaf Hill exposing Shuri. At the end of May US Marines were able to capture Shuri Castle. This capture was a severe blow to the Japanese. The US Army was able to capture the last line of defense for the Japanese. Knowing that they had lost the battle Admiral Ota and 4,000 other sailors committed suicide on June 13. The rest of the

The Battle of Trenton

1517 words - 7 pages initial military engagements had been disastrous. The first real test had come at the Battle of Bunker Hill. With the British losing more than 1000 casualties, the result of the battle was still a victory for the British. Then the battle of Long Island was determinedly a defeat of New York City, where many of the Continental Soldiers had fled in fear, causing Washington to lose his temper in frustration. The Army was proving to be disorganized

The Battle of Gettysburg

1286 words - 6 pages . The South took this advantage and had made several attempts at breaking through the Union lines but was stopped every time. The confederacy made an attempt on Little Round Top. This would have been a game changer. General Meade foresaw his actions and had placed troops on the hill shortly before Lee’s attack. They stopped the confederacy from overtaking Little Round Top. On the third and final day of the battle General Lee ordered Longstreet to

The Battle of Gettysburg

1279 words - 5 pages heading toward the town. He withdrew his brigade and informed his superior, General Henry Heth, who in turn told his superior, A.P. Hill, he would go back the following morning for shoes that were desperately needed." (Coddington, 289) The battle began on July 1, 1863, when some of General Ambrose Powell Hill's advance brigades entered the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania looking for shoes. "Due to General Stuart's failure to

The Battle of Stalingrad

2039 words - 8 pages they entirely destroyed the 6th army, they gave them the option of surrender. Knowing what would happen to him if he did surrender Paulus declined. 2 days later the Russians cornered him in his bunker and he was forced to surrender him self and his army. This would be the end of the battle. The battle lasted from August 23rd 1942-February 2nd, 1943. And in that time 158,000 germans and Romanians had perished and another 91,000 were

Similar Essays

The Battle Of Bunker Hill Essay

2068 words - 8 pages The Battle of Bunker Hill traces back to December 1773, when a group of Colonists dressed as Mohawk Indians boarded three ships from the East India Company. These rebels led by Sam Adams proceeded to dump chests filled with tea into the Boston Harbor. This act, known as the Boston Tea Party, was the result of years of exploitation and mistreatment from the British; it was the breaking point for the Colonists and symbolized a shift in their

Battle Of Bunker Hill Essay

660 words - 3 pages On June, 17th 1775 began a fight between the British and the Americans, it took place on Breed’s HIll. In Charlestown Peninsula, North side of Boston Harbor, this battle was the bloodest of the Revoltionary in America. The British Commander, Lieutenant General Thomas Gage, Major General William Howe. There were about 2,400 troops being lead by Major general Howe. The British wore light clothing they wore Red coats, headgear, bearskin caps, and

Battle Of Bunker's Hill From The British Point Of View (Fictional Journal)

1838 words - 7 pages the window that overlooks the path that Sam and the other men left the town on every day waiting for my Sam to come home.Mary OliverAugust 2, 1775I just received a letter from Peter Webb saying that Samuel had died in the Battle for Bunker's Hill. The letter said;June 17, 1775My great friend Mary,I am extremely repentant to inform you that your wonderful husband, my great friend Samuel has perished. He was killed in the Battle for Bunker's Hill. I

The Haunting Of Hill House Essay

1042 words - 4 pages The Haunting of Hill House The Haunting of Hill House is considered a classic to many people. It has a certain sense of feeling missing from today's novels. The Haunting of Hill House has suspense, horror, a little bit of romance, and an ending that will leave you thinking for days. Shirley Jackson is well known for her twisted work. At the beginning of the book, you our introduced to a character that has a major impact on all of its