The Battle Of Coral Sea Essay

1245 words - 5 pages

Battle of Coral Sea
War has always been a negative social issue among the citizens of America. Some believe we should be involved in everything so we can to show our dominance around the world and others see it as a big problem. War World Two is a different story. After we realized that Hitler was close to succeeding in his plan of imperialism most people were on board to going to war.
The Battle of the Coral Sea was fought in May 1942. This was a major naval battle that took place in the Coral Sea. This was in an area separating the Solomon Islands, eastern tip of New Guinea, and the northeastern coast of Australia. During World War Two, this area was fought between the Imperial Japanese Navy and Allied naval and air forces from the United States and Australia. This battle was fought entirely by planes. The ships on either side made no visual contact with each other.
By the spring of 1942, the Japanese made great gains in the Far East. By May 1, the conquest of the Philippines, Burma, Malaya, and the Dutch East Indies had cost the Japanese Navy only 23 warships and none were larger than a destroyer. Only 67 transport ships had been lost. Their naval command had expected far greater losses and looked to expand even further in the Far East. However, the senior officers of the Japanese Navy argued on what was the next best objective to carry out. One school of thought was for the navy to continue with territorial gains. Admiral Yamamoto wanted to carry on an all out attack on America’s aircraft carriers in the Pacific because they feared these ships were the key success in the Pacific. Admiral Yamamoto believed that the destruction of the American’s aircraft carriers would ensure the security of Japan, so he wanted an attack on Midway Island to draw out the American navy into a battle that the Japanese would win.
The attack on Port Moresby in New Guinea was considered important by the Japanese as its success would isolate Australia and New Guinea could then be used as a platform to attack Fiji, New Caledonia and Samoa. The Japanese labelled the attack on Port Moresby as Operation MO and the force that was to attack it was Task Force MO. The Japanese force included the aircraft carriers Shokaku and Zuikaku. Both were to sail from Truk Island and intercept any ships sent by the Americans to attack the Japanese. The main part of the Japanese plan was for its Port Moresby Invasion Force to move through the Jomard Passage to the South east of New Guinea, which was unhindered by the Americans, allowing them to attack Port Moresby.
The Americans treated the attack on Port Moresby very seriously. They thought that any attack would leave Australia vulnerable. Chester Nimitz and Douglas MacArthur gave the attack on Port Moresby high priority. The Americans figured out the Japanese naval code and obtained their detailed knowledge of their plans. They figured that the attack on Port Moresby was going to take place on May 3 and the Japanese forces...

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