The Battle Of Fallujah Essay

1921 words - 8 pages

Introduction
The first battle in Fallujah during Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) is known as Operation Vigilant Resolve. This battle is regarded as one of the biggest single defeats that the United States Military has suffered throughout all its campaigns during OIF. The United States and international media outlets exploited this defeat, which in turn, bolstered Al Qaeda recruiting in Fallujah. This offensive failure and retreat was backed by a huge public outcry for troop withdrawal and successful exploitation of recruiting propaganda by the insurgents.
Lieutenant General James Conway, Commander of the First Expeditionary Force (MEF), was ordered to withdrawal his Marines from Fallujah and leave the city to the insurgents1. Throughout Iraq and the Muslim world, this was perceived as a major victory for the insurgents. This victory inspired other Muslims to join the cause, and they soon flocked to Fallujah increasing their presence in the city. In the months following April 2004, leading up to Battle of Fallujah 2, otherwise known as Operation Phantom Fury/ Al Fajr (New Dawn), the insurgent numbers were increasing by the hundreds. This battle is one for the history books, it is said to be one of the bloodiest and most talked about in OIF. At the end of the campaign, 51 service were members killed, 425 wounded, 1200 insurgents killed, and 1000 prisoners captured2. This battle set the stage on how the Unite States Military conducts future Joint Operations throughout the rest of OIF.

History
The city of Fallujah located roughly 36 kilometers west of Bagdad on the Euphrates River. It is surrounded by bigger cities such as Bagdad, Ramadi, and Tikrit. This so called city has evolved over time and has been a key crossroads for trade throughout Iraq and neighboring countries. Fallujah has been a site for battles dating back 2500 years3. In 244 CE a battle erupted between the Romans and the Sussanian Armies in the town of Misiche (current day Fallujah), the Sussanians would be the victorious. The Persian King, King Shapur renamed the city Piruz-Shapur (“Victorious Shapur”)4. For six centuries the city was prized during Persian and Roman wars. The Persians never lost control and turned the city into a lavish place to live. In 1920, Fallujah would again be a site for another battle after the assignation of a British Officer and explorer, Lt. Col. Gerald Leachman. The British would wage a massive air attack and dropped bombs indiscriminately killing anyone within reach. In the end, over 1000 British soldiers and 10,000 Iraqis were killed. With a long history of war and radical religious attitude, Fallujah turned into a capital of insurgency in Iraq. For more the 200 years or 10 generations, Fallujah was influenced by Wahabbi or Salafi ideas. These ideas came out of the eastern part of Saudi Arabia in the late 18th century. Meaning people of the...

Find Another Essay On THE BATTLE OF FALLUJAH

The Bloodiest Battle: The Battle of Okinawa

1652 words - 7 pages The Bloodiest Battle The Battle of Okinawa (codenamed Operation Iceberg) proved to be the deadliest battle on the Pacific side of World War II. The battle involved six countries and more than 180,000 casualties. It became the last campaign in the Pacific and changed the course of history. In part of the island hopping campaign, the United States knew in order to invade mainland Japan, they would need the last piece of the puzzle. Okinawa was

Battle of the Somme Essay

1053 words - 5 pages The Battle of the Somme, or “humanity’s bloodiest battle”, took place between July 1st and November 18th, 1916 (Wikipedia). The German Empire was pitted against the French and British Empires, resulting in over 1,000,000 men wounded or killed, 60,000 of them being on the first day of the battle. This battle was one of the largest and bloodiest battles on World War I, making it consequential to the French, British, and German Empires. Although

The Battle of Britain

632 words - 3 pages My topic of this essay is "the Battle of Britain". I think "the Battle of Britain" is an important event in the British 20th century. In this essay I will explain this battle between Germany and Britain, discuss the importance of winning this battle, and what could be the consequences if Britain lost this battle. Lastly I will discuss how this event has marked the British history in later time."The Battle of Britain" took place during the WW2

The Battle of Gettysburg

1286 words - 6 pages It is known as the bloodiest battle ever fought on American soil: The Battle of Gettysburg. It seemed that the battlefield was hungering and thirsting for blood. Entering with great momentum, the South lost. The Battle of Gettysburg roared on for three whole days until the North, finally, was victorious. This victory added to the North’s dwindling momentum. This battle delivered a major blow to the South’s ego and drove the

The Battle of Yorktown

1367 words - 6 pages The Revolutionary War started in 1775. The American colonies have had enough of the British occupants and set their foot down in pursuit to freedom and independence. Each battle that happened during the Revolutionary War had its own significance and contributions to the independence of the colonies. Many brave men laid their lives in pursuit of the dream of independence from British control. One particular battle paved the way for that

Battle of the Atlantic

836 words - 3 pages The Battle of the Atlantic was a battle during World War II for control of the routes used by Britain to move supplies across the Atlantic. The Battle of the Atlantic was started by the Germans. It was not a direct attack but an indirect attack. Britain, as an island country has always depended on sea-going trade. During WWII this was even more the case. Britain needed to import over one million tons of supplies every week. By this battle, the

The Battle of Saratoga

840 words - 4 pages did this so he could get all of his money back. The Americans were tired of this treatment so they decided to act and war had began. The Battle of Saratoga The Battle of Saratoga was the turning point of The American Revolutionary War. On June 1777, British and Hessian army departed from St. Johns to Fort Ticonderoga at the south end of the lake. The army of 7,000 had separated and started a long march to war. On October 17, 1777

The Battle of Salamis

1016 words - 4 pages The Battle of Salamis was the first great naval battle recorded in the history. There were a series of conflicts between the Greek world and the Persian Empire that started about 500 BC and continued until 448 BC. The Battle of Salamis was one of the conflicts between them that occured in 480 BC. The aim of the essay is to give information about the Battle of Salamis by the aspect of Persia.The Xerxes, the Persian king, wanted to conquer all of

Battle of the Bulge

1197 words - 5 pages The Battle of the Bulge was one of the most important battles in the European Theater during the Second World War. It was also “The largest and bloodiest battle in American History”(4). The Battle of the Bulge was fought from December 16th 1944 to January 25th 1945 (4). The battle occurred in the Ardennes forest which is located in 4 countries, Luxembourg, Germany, France and Belgium. The Ardennes forest is heavily populated by trees and

The Battle of Bastogne

1185 words - 5 pages The Battle of Bastogne During the fall of 1944, the “Atlantic Wall” had diminished after the invasion of Normandy and the American and allied forces were making their way towards Germany. One of the offensives directed to counteract this; Adolf Hitler focused in on and was attacking the inadequately defended Ardennes front. Had this plan succeeded, through the capture of Antwerp, the Germans would have divided the American and British

the battle of yorktown

918 words - 4 pages The American Revolution began in 1765 and ended in 1783 with the signing of a peace treaty, which confirmed the separation from the British Empire. The purpose of this paper is to acknowledge lessons learned from the American siege that took place in Yorktown, Virginia, known as the Battle of Yorktown. The battle between the Franco-American forces and British Army began September 28, 1781 and lasted until the British surrender in October 19

Similar Essays

The Battle Of Fallujah Essay

1328 words - 6 pages to be called upon in order to subdue the insurgents. As the fighting continued, U.S. Forces received more and more casualties. Destruction of the city kept adding up as well (cnn.com, 2004). Insurgents fought back more and more as U.S. forces attempted to gain control of Fallujah. The howitzers and Gatling guns of the AC-130 continued to bombard enemy positions. The Marines’ strategy was to use snipers to kill insurgents during the battle

The Battle Of Fallujah Essay

1857 words - 7 pages The Battle of Fallujah forever changed the methods in which the American military conducts combat operations. The American military was not expecting to engage in such a bloody and intense battle like Fallujah. Fallujah changed the way the military conducted its tactical operations, its intelligence operations, and its Information Operations (IO). There are also a number of other factors that were changed to due this intense urban conflict. The

The Battle Of Fallujah Essay

1855 words - 7 pages me and my unit, as I was deployed there twice, but on the whole world. The outcome of a war can be explained one way or the other. The effects of which can echo throughout the ages. But the battles that bring you to the wars conclusion are the building blocks to the character of that war. One such battle that helped define the character of Operation Iraqi Freedom was the first battle for Fallujah also known as Operation Vigilant Resolve

The First Battle Of Fallujah Essay

1721 words - 7 pages May 9th, the last of the marines and coalition forces retreated from the city leaving control of the city to the newly established Fallujah Brigade (De Lira Jr., Simpson, 2005). In conclusion, the first battle of Fallujah marked a great defeat for the United States which jeopardized relations between the two nations and severely demoralized the marines and coalition forces involved in Operation Vigilant Resolve. In the end, 36 U.S. service