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The Battle Of Gettysburg: The Turning Point In The Civil War

1199 words - 5 pages

The bloodiest battle of them all, the battle to end all United States Civil War battles, and the three days of warfare that would affect United States history forever. The Battle of Gettysburg restored the people’s hope in the Union government, forced Confederate troops to retreat from battle, and put an end to one of the most well-known civil wars in history. The south’s rebellion and desire for secession from the United Sates to create the Confederate States of America is blamed as one of the major causes for the war to begin. The Union, in theory, had the odds on their side by having more supplies and soldiers, but the Confederacy had the majority of the victories up until The Battle of Gettysburg. The Union had reason for distress and had much to lose if The Civil War turned to be a Confederate victory. For the first two years of the war the Union Military battled in the states taking hard hits but the Battle of Gettysburg created a turning point in the Civil War because it transferred the upper hand from the Confederates ultimately sealing the Union’s victory.
Before civil war broke out, several parts of history foreshadowed the growing divide between the northern and southern areas of the United States. One being, differences in culture and lifestyle. The south’s economy predominately based itself off of agriculture; specifically the growing of tobacco, corn, and cotton. The big southern plantations, owned by several white elitist men, used slavery to operate, another major cause for civil war. The northern economy thrived off of manufacturing and big industrial business. Northern politicians and elite class members supported tariffs and the use of training large armies. As the divide grew, tempers and attitudes flared, as did the southern desire for separation and war.
Abraham Lincoln, the United States President at this time, obviously played a major role in the war, specifically The Battle of Gettysburg. During the Union’s time of unsuccess in battle, Lincoln removed and appointed several generals, hopeful the next one would turn the war in favor of the Union. Unsure of what to do with Union citizens losing interest in supporting the war due to the number of loses, Lincoln needed a plan to revive the war effort and counteract the common belief circulating around the Union, “It’s a rich man’s war, and a poor man’s fight.” In desperate need of man power, Lincoln created the Enrollment Act of Conscription in March of 1863. This sparked anger and protest in the Union lowering the enlistment number even further and hope for the restoration of the United States looked grim.
General Robert E. Lee, commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, had made a previous attempt at attacking the Union on northern territory but defeat forced to retreat. Lee’s intent and desire for the war to be fought on Union ground pushed the plan for a second invasion attempt forward. A major cause for the attack is due to the fact that Confederate soldiers were in...

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