The Battle Of Gettysburg, Which Was A Turnign Point Of The Us Civil War.

1143 words - 5 pages

The Battle of Gettysburg"The Turning Point of the Civil War"Goerge Meade General Robert E. LeeIn 1863, the small town of Gettysburg Pennsylvania was awoken to the beginning of what was to be the turning point of the Civil War for the Union. It began as a small skirmish, but by its end it involved 160,000 Americans to which would become one of the bloodiest battles ever taken place on US soil. I chose this topic because the Civil War and its battles had a great influence on society not only in the past, but also in the present day. The Battle of Gettysburg was not only a turning point in the war, but was also the turning point for slaves in the US to be free.From July 1st to July 3rd, 1863 the most famous and most important Civil War Battle took place in the small town of Gettysburg Pennsylvania. The Confederates under Robert E. Lee advanced on the Union in hopes of taking either the major city of Philadelphia, Baltimore, or even Washington D.C. Union commander General George Meade was sent to make sure none of this would happen.On the first day, July 1st , the shooting started when a Confederate brigade, searching for badly needed shoes, ran into the Union cavalry near Gettysburg on the (The Battle of Gettysburg: World Book). After fierce fighting and heavy casualties on both sides, the Union were pushed through town, and regrouped on the south side of town along the high ground near the cemetery. Once there the Union formed a strong defensive position that resembled that of a fishhook. After reinforcements had arrived the Union position was three miles long. Meanwhile the Confederate troops occupied Gettysburg and Seminary Ridge to the west. Lee did not dig his army in a defensive position at all. He believed that his own army was invincible, even though they were without out their calvary, which was off somewhere harassing other Union soldiers.On the second day, July 2nd, General Lee gave orders for his men to attack in the morning. But, General Longstreet was quite slow in getting his troops into position, so the attack didn't take place until the afternoon. While Longstreet took so much time to assemble his troops, the Union soldiers kept digging and fortifying their position. When Longstreet attacked, some of the bitterest fighting of the Civil War erupted at places known as Little Round Top, Devil's Den, the Wheat Field, and the Peach Orchard. Longstreet accomplished in taking the Peach Orchard but was driven back at Little Round Top. Into the evening hours the Confederates attacked again, but this time it was from the north and east of Cemetery Hill. This attacked lasted into darkness but was finally unsuccessful, even thought the Confederates took over some trenches on Culp's Hill. After the battle, both sides regrouped and counted their casualties, while the moaning and sobbing of thousands of wounded men on the slopes and the meadows could be heard throughout the night under a full moon. Both sides gathered to plan their strategies for...

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